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ICT
1950s

IMPACT
1970s 1990s

Green Revolution

Industrial Revolution

Knowledge Revolution

House Hold

Transformation

Nation?s Economy

Emerging Trend in Education

Break Through in GIRLS Education!!!

? National
Level

Programme for Education of Girls in Elementary

? ? ? ?

Computer Literacy at Primary & Secondary Schools

Exponential Growth of Institutions for Higher Education
High Enrollment of Girls in Science & Engineering

Computer Literacy for Women – Drive by Training Institutes Literacy on the 14% between Affordability ? Rate Reachof ? Women Opportunity ? increase Social Reformation ?
1991 & 2001

Educational Institutions Vs Female Enrollment
Educational Institutions
8000
7000 6000 5000

33% Enrollment

7929

40% Enrollment

4000
3000 2000 1000 0

4862

2223 886
1991 2001

General Education Professional Education

Year

Female Literacy Rate
80

9 % Growth
73

Literacy Rate in %

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

16 % Growth

14 % Growth
54

64

Legend: Urban Rural Total Literacy

47 31
40

1991 2001

1991 2001

1991 2001

Period

“Indian Women in IT” – Remarkable Turnaround !! ? US $ 16500 Million turn over in 2002-2003 ? 3.15% of National GDP ? # 2 Contributor to Nation’s Foreign Exchange Earnings

? 20.4% share in India’s Exports ? Geographical Spread over Worldwide Market
- Americas including Canada & Latin America

- Asia Pacific,West Asia, South East Asia
- Europe - Africa

Who were behind this revolution? “Obviously Indian Women in IT”

IT Market in US $ Million

Indian IT Market:1997-2002
18000
3.5

3.15
16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000
1 2

IT Market in US $ Million GDP Share

2.87 2.66 16500

3

2.5

1.45 1.22 12410

1.5

4000

8357
5021 6014
0.5

2000 0 1997-98 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03

0

Year

GDP

1.87

13783

Indian Domestic IT Market:1997-2002
7000
1.26 Indian Domestic IT Market in US $ Million GDP Share 1.36 1.27

1.6

IT Market in US $ Million

6000 5000 4000
0.79

1.4
6213 6598

1.2 1

0.98 0.82 6114

0.8

3000
3248

4351 3381

0.6 0.4 0.2 0

2000 1000 0
1997-98

1998-99

1999-00

2000-01

2001-02

2002-03

Year

GDP

Educated Women in India find foothold ICT ?in ICT access & literacy drive creates cultural &
economic independence for Indian women.

? 21% are Women out of 650,000 professionals employed
in IT

? Expected to touch 35% by the Year 2005 ? Already 65% women in ITES segment

? 1:3 to 1:7, Female: Male Gender ratio in employment ? 76% of this strength is graduate degree or above ? 1.1 Million people on demand estimated by Year 2008 ? 235,000 shortfall anticipated by 2008 Can Indian Women make good this shortfall & sustain growth ?

Male Female Gender Ratio
60000

59312
14828

Sample Size: 186
WOS/MNC/JVS :29 % Indian Cos :71 % ITES : 12 %

# Employees

50000

40000
30000 20000 10000 0

19475
3895

IT Services : 88 %

44484

Gender Ratio:(Female:Male)
Ranges from 1:2 to 1:7 in Indian Cos 1:5 to 1:7 in WOS/M

NCs

15600
MNC/WoS Indian

Type of Company

Female Employees Male Employees

Staff Employed
60000 50000

59312

3340

Sample Size: 186
WOS/MNC/JVS : 54 # Indian Cos : 132 #

# Employees

ITES : 56 #

40000 30000 20000 10000 0

19475
55972
6109

[ WoS/MNC/JV - 18 #, Indian Cos - 38 # ]

IT Services : 130 #
[ WoS/MNC/JV - 36 #, Indian Cos - 94 # ]

13366 MNC/WoS Indian ITES IT Services

Type of Company

Women in IT Pyramid Vs Effort & Time Demand
Effort &

Entrepreneur

Time Demand

Employment

A:

Segment

Data Entry/Billing. Handling ICT in various functions in Organization

B: C: D: E: F:

ITES Industry / Kiosk Management
Handling ICT in Banks / Software Programmers Project Managers / Technical Architect Quality Assurance & Hi-Tech specialization in IT

Senior Executive Managing IT

Women in ICT – Grass Root to Pyramidal !!
? Today at (or) out of school, in (or) out of
college Women & ICT are integral

? Basic operations to high-tech IT applications
Women make their presence felt

? Employee to Entrepreneur
Women have excelled in the last decade

? Family & Work
Women have balanced force their time & effort Positive Trend-but are they a reckoning for economic growth?

“Life Cycle Diamond”

“Life Cycle Diamond” – Women flaking social sti

Marriage - Baby Phase

Indian Women in IT are learning to cross

the crucial phase of life to enhance career.

Case Study – Reflection of Thoughts
Marrying men in Foreign Country draws Women to IT
Sexual harassment protection & Working in Shifts- Boon for Women in IT

Kalyani

Kanchana

“Glass Ceiling” Predominant for Women to climb-up the ladder in Organization
More support from Family & Society for Women at work

Mallika

Ann
ICT access in geometrical progression. Progress of Women is stymied in conservative society

Nuclear Family System deterrent for Women in IT

Radha

Sarada

Emerging Trends – Women in IT: What they said!!
Mythili Ramesh:

? Gender discrimination on attitudes & perspectives remain. ? 100% output for family & employer. Faster burnout. ? Flexi-timings & caring organization
Naseem Mariam:

? Socializing is yet to catch-up. ? Family support for business travel & client
interaction.

? Tax relief towards child care & concierge services

Sumitra Seshan:

? ICT education for women at par with Men ? Quality Engineering institutions created ample
opportunity.

? More graduates but less number turn out for work.
Vidya Balasubramanian:

? Ethics committee in organization to listen to voice of women ? Apt environment with pick-up & drop + support for rudimentary
household chores.

? Motivational training to help women look at long standing
association

with employer

Emerging Trends: Path breaking reformations!!
? Spouse support & Managing IT as an entrepreneur. ? Marriages amongst IT Professionals leads them from being employee to become employer. ? ‘Work from home’- options for drop out women to sustain interest & continue their

profession. ? Less strenuous & flexi time work during Marriage-Baby phase.

? More technology oriented capability demonstrated
? Successful Senior Executives overcoming cultural & social pressures managing IT operations

Government Policies & Initiatives ? 30% employment of women attracts capital subsidy. ? e-governance & computerization of government
operations
has created ICT Access.

? Rural Knowledge centres to enhance self esteem &
social prestige of women.

? Exclusive financial assistance for Women
Entrepreneurs.

? in Labor Law for women to work in all More changes policy for amendment women to support Nation?s economy expected
shifts.

Conclusion

? ?

Competency & Work Demand when met, gender equality is established. Emerging Trends are indicators of portrayal of Indian Women as part of global community.

? Cultural, Ethical & Social changes will
continue for productive role by women in Nation’s economy

Conclusion (Contd?)

? Forced & chosen change due to IT
revolution will benefit Indian women. ? ‘There are no road blocks for Women in any field’ as said by Ms.Kiran Bedi, IPS – ?Ramon Magsaysay Award Winner?

What I say ? My Belief ?
? As enabler of being in the

IT

over the last 12 Years

Ministry of Communication & Information Technology /

STPI, I believe that

? Women’s share in ICT could easily grow to 45 ~
50% in

next 5 years provided women:
- repositions & become more career oriented. - prioritize & manage issues. WIT 2003 Conference is towards this direction.

? Higher percentage of Women in Senior Positions

“ Yes there are really no road blocks for Women in ICT”

Website: www.stpc.soft.net

R.RAJALAKSHMI
Director

Email: rrl@stpc.soft.net


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