Emerging Trend in Education
Break Through in GIRLS Education!!!
Programme for Education of Girls in Elementary
? ? ? ?
Computer Literacy at Primary & Secondary Schools
Exponential Growth of Institutions for Higher Education
High Enrollment of Girls in Science & Engineering
Computer Literacy for Women – Drive by Training Institutes Literacy on the 14% between Affordability ? Rate Reachof ? Women Opportunity ? increase Social Reformation ?
1991 & 2001
Educational Institutions Vs Female Enrollment
7000 6000 5000
3000 2000 1000 0
General Education Professional Education
Female Literacy Rate
9 % Growth
Literacy Rate in %
70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
16 % Growth
14 % Growth
Legend: Urban Rural Total Literacy
“Indian Women in IT” – Remarkable Turnaround !! ? US $ 16500 Million turn over in 2002-2003 ? 3.15% of National GDP ? # 2 Contributor to Nation’s Foreign Exchange Earnings
? 20.4% share in India’s Exports ? Geographical Spread over Worldwide Market
- Americas including Canada & Latin America
- Asia Pacific,West Asia, South East Asia
- Europe - Africa
Who were behind this revolution? “Obviously Indian Women in IT”
IT Market in US $ Million
Indian IT Market:1997-2002
16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000
IT Market in US $ Million GDP Share
2.87 2.66 16500
1.45 1.22 12410
2000 0 1997-98 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03
Indian Domestic IT Market:1997-2002
1.26 Indian Domestic IT Market in US $ Million GDP Share 1.36 1.27
IT Market in US $ Million
6000 5000 4000
0.98 0.82 6114
0.6 0.4 0.2 0
2000 1000 0
Educated Women in India find foothold ICT ?in ICT access & literacy drive creates cultural &
economic independence for Indian women.
? 21% are Women out of 650,000 professionals employed
? Expected to touch 35% by the Year 2005 ? Already 65% women in ITES segment
? 1:3 to 1:7, Female: Male Gender ratio in employment ? 76% of this strength is graduate degree or above ? 1.1 Million people on demand estimated by Year 2008 ? 235,000 shortfall anticipated by 2008 Can Indian Women make good this shortfall & sustain growth ?
Male Female Gender Ratio
Sample Size: 186
WOS/MNC/JVS :29 % Indian Cos :71 % ITES : 12 %
30000 20000 10000 0
IT Services : 88 %
Ranges from 1:2 to 1:7 in Indian Cos 1:5 to 1:7 in WOS/M
Type of Company
Female Employees Male Employees
Sample Size: 186
WOS/MNC/JVS : 54 # Indian Cos : 132 #
ITES : 56 #
40000 30000 20000 10000 0
[ WoS/MNC/JV - 18 #, Indian Cos - 38 # ]
IT Services : 130 #
[ WoS/MNC/JV - 36 #, Indian Cos - 94 # ]
13366 MNC/WoS Indian ITES IT Services
Type of Company
Women in IT Pyramid Vs Effort & Time Demand
Data Entry/Billing. Handling ICT in various functions in Organization
B: C: D: E: F:
ITES Industry / Kiosk Management
Handling ICT in Banks / Software Programmers Project Managers / Technical Architect Quality Assurance & Hi-Tech specialization in IT
Senior Executive Managing IT
Women in ICT – Grass Root to Pyramidal !!
? Today at (or) out of school, in (or) out of
college Women & ICT are integral
? Basic operations to high-tech IT applications
Women make their presence felt
? Employee to Entrepreneur
Women have excelled in the last decade
? Family & Work
Women have balanced force their time & effort Positive Trend-but are they a reckoning for economic growth?
“Life Cycle Diamond”
“Life Cycle Diamond” – Women flaking social sti
Marriage - Baby Phase
Indian Women in IT are learning to cross
the crucial phase of life to enhance career.
Case Study – Reflection of Thoughts
Marrying men in Foreign Country draws Women to IT
Sexual harassment protection & Working in Shifts- Boon for Women in IT
“Glass Ceiling” Predominant for Women to climb-up the ladder in Organization
More support from Family & Society for Women at work
ICT access in geometrical progression. Progress of Women is stymied in conservative society
Nuclear Family System deterrent for Women in IT
Emerging Trends – Women in IT: What they said!!
? Gender discrimination on attitudes & perspectives remain. ? 100% output for family & employer. Faster burnout. ? Flexi-timings & caring organization
? Socializing is yet to catch-up. ? Family support for business travel & client
? Tax relief towards child care & concierge services
? ICT education for women at par with Men ? Quality Engineering institutions created ample
? More graduates but less number turn out for work.
? Ethics committee in organization to listen to voice of women ? Apt environment with pick-up & drop + support for rudimentary
? Motivational training to help women look at long standing
Emerging Trends: Path breaking reformations!!
? Spouse support & Managing IT as an entrepreneur. ? Marriages amongst IT Professionals leads them from being employee to become employer. ? ‘Work from home’- options for drop out women to sustain interest & continue their
profession. ? Less strenuous & flexi time work during Marriage-Baby phase.
? More technology oriented capability demonstrated
? Successful Senior Executives overcoming cultural & social pressures managing IT operations
Government Policies & Initiatives ? 30% employment of women attracts capital subsidy. ? e-governance & computerization of government
has created ICT Access.
? Rural Knowledge centres to enhance self esteem &
social prestige of women.
? Exclusive financial assistance for Women
? in Labor Law for women to work in all More changes policy for amendment women to support Nation?s economy expected
Competency & Work Demand when met, gender equality is established. Emerging Trends are indicators of portrayal of Indian Women as part of global community.
? Cultural, Ethical & Social changes will
continue for productive role by women in Nation’s economy
? Forced & chosen change due to IT
revolution will benefit Indian women. ? ‘There are no road blocks for Women in any field’ as said by Ms.Kiran Bedi, IPS – ?Ramon Magsaysay Award Winner?
What I say ? My Belief ?
? As enabler of being in the
over the last 12 Years
Ministry of Communication & Information Technology /
STPI, I believe that
? Women’s share in ICT could easily grow to 45 ~
next 5 years provided women:
- repositions & become more career oriented. - prioritize & manage issues. WIT 2003 Conference is towards this direction.
? Higher percentage of Women in Senior Positions
“ Yes there are really no road blocks for Women in ICT”