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希腊神话lecture14

发布时间:2014-04-26 08:02:06  

希腊神话
Greek Mythology
Lecture 13

Origins of the Golden Fleece
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In Thessaly lived a royal family: Athamas & Nephele, with their son Phrixos & daughter Helle Athamas divorced his wife and remarried. Nephele worried that Athamas would kill Phrixos & Helle, so she prayed to Hermes for help Hermes gave to the children a golden ram to ride. The golden ram carried them swiftly far away to Colchis

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Phrixos & Helle

Phrixos & Helle

The Greek Neighbourhood

? When

Phrixos arrived in Colchis, he was adopted by King Aeetes sacrificed the golden ram to the

? Phrixos

gods

? King

Aeetes kept the ram’s fleece in a sacred garden, protected by a dragon that never falls asleep

Meanwhile in Thessaly…
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Near the kingdom of Athamas was the kingdom of Aeson- Iolcus

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Aeson’s throne was usurped by his brother Pelias. Aeson’s son, Jason, was also sent away to protect him Jason was brought up and schooled by the wise centaur, Chiron
Pelias consulted the Oracle at Delphi. She warned him to beware the man with one sandal.

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Chiron the Wise Centaur

A Random Good Deed
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Jason decided to reclaim the throne

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On the way, he helped an old woman across a river
The old woman was really Hera. She blessed him for his good deed. Unfortunately, while crossing the river, Jason had lost one of his sandals

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Jason Confronts Pelias
? Jason

approached Pelias, demanding the throne seeing Jason’s single sandal, was worried may have my throne, if you retrieve the Golden Fleece.”

? Pelias,

? “You

Gathering the Argonauts
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Jason asked Argos, the great architect, to build a ship big enough to carry 50 men He advertised for the greatest heroes of Greece to join him in the Quest for the Golden Fleece

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The Argonauts
Like a Greek ‘Avengers’…

…but without the ridiculous costumes

Notable Argonauts
? Heracles

(Hercules)

? Nestor (of Trojan War fame) ? Laertes (Odysseus’ father) ? Peleus (Achilles’ father)

? Theseus (killed Minotaur) ? Perseus (killed Medusa)

? Bellerophon (killed Chimaera) ? Orpheus (best singer ever)
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Atalanta (famous female archer
& athlete)

Adventures of the ArgonautsIsland of Lemnos
? Thoas ? Hypsipyle ? Mingled

with Argonauts

? Heracles,

disgusted, persuaded them to leave

Adventures of the ArgonautsPhineos & the Harpies
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Phineos was a prophet being punished by Zeus- every time he wanted to eat, Harpies would fly down and steal his food The Argonauts defeated the Harpies Phineos helped them by revealing how to get past the Symplegades

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Harpies

Symplegades
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Symplegades were two floating islands that frequently crashed into each other Jason sent a dove flying between. The dove survived but lost its tail Immediately after, the Argonauts rowed the Argo between. They survived, but lost the stern of their ship.

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Arrival in Colchis
? Jason

met King Aeetes and demanded the Golden

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