Representatives and Their Works
1. a culture movement
2. Time: 1890s-1940s, beginning in the 20th century following World War I
3. Rebelled against late 19th century academic and historicist tradition； 4. Embraced the new economic, social and political aspects of the emerging modern world.
The Waste Land (1922) 荒原
T.S Eliot (1888-1965)
---One of the twentieth century's
The Hollow Men (1925)空心人 Ash Wednesday (1930) 圣灰星期三
Expressionism was a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century.
Introduction Background Representatives Influence
? Confessional poetry, a religious word frankness, penance, and the sacrament of confession. the sacrament of confession as one of the seven Catholic sacraments.
? But the confessional literature often does not bear any religion, or political and social obligations, ? the need for self healing, ? the authors‘ expression was pushed by too much social pressure and the formation of a cry of distorted human nature.
In the early twenty century, the American society was in a turbulent period, the traditional school of poetry limited people's creativity. Many poets had no place to vent their emotions , because of the social environment. So the various schools of poetry like the hippies, rapidly emerged and grew. After the painful reflection, Lowell made to show social and cultural contradictions into his heart through Confessionalism.
? Emerged in the United States ? During the 1950s and 1960s ? As poetry ―of the personal.‖ The content of confessional poems is autobiographical and marked by its exploration of subject matter that was considered taboo at the time. Simply, confessional poems confess all hidden feelings in people‘s heart, ugly, selfish, and vicious things. ? This subject matter included topics like mental illness, sexuality, and suicide. ? It appears not only with the literary form of poetry, also appeared in the drama, movies and so on.
The Meaning of Confessional Poetry
The flourish of the confessional poetry meet the need of the western social structure transformation after the Second World War. At that time, many people especially young people sink into a negative, helpless and depressed state. So sneer, indifference, self-pity and illusion become the way to drive away anxiety and to recreate life. And the confessional poetry is what they want.
? 1958Robert Lowell罗伯特· 洛威尔（19171977） ? 1953John Berryman约翰· 贝里曼（1914–1972） ? Sylvia Plath西尔维娅· 普拉斯(1932—1963） ? Anne Sexton安· 塞克斯顿(1928-1974）
Born: Robert Traill Spence Lowell IV March 1, 1917
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 12, 1977 (aged 60) New York City Oc