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发布时间:2014-06-22 08:05:16  

Oliver Twist 【雾都孤儿】

About the author
? Charles Dickens - English Victorian

novelist (1812-1870) ? Best Known Work: Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol, A Tale of Two Cities, Great Expectations

social injustices and hypocrisy, an excellent insight into Victorian culture.

About the author
? Born in Portsmouth, England,

Dickens was forced to leave school to work in a factory when his father was thrown into debtors' prison. Although he had little formal education, his early impoverishment drove him to succeed. ? Over his career he edited a weekly journal for 20 years, wrote 15 novels, five novellas and hundreds of short stories and non-fiction articles.

? Oliver Twist《雾都孤儿》 (1837-1839) ? Nicholas Nickle《尼古拉斯· 尼克贝》 ( 1838-1839) ? The Old Curiosity Shop《老古玩店》 ( 1840-1841) ? Barnaby Rudge《巴纳比· 拉奇》 (1841) ? American Notes《美国纪行》 ( 1842)

? A Christmas Carol《圣诞颂歌》 ( 1843)
? Martin Chuzzlewit《马丁· 翟述伟》 (1843-1844) ? Dombey and Son《董贝父子》 ( 1846-1848)

? David Copperfield《大卫· 科波菲尔》 ( 1849-1850)
? Bleak House《荒凉山庄》 (1852-1853) ? Hard Times《艰难时世》 ( 1854) ? Little Dorrit《小杜丽》 (1855-1857) ? A Tale of Two Cities《双城记》 ( 1859) ? Great Expectations《远大前程》 ( 1860-1861) ? Our Mutual Friend《我们共同的朋友》 ( 1864-1865)

Social Background -Victorian Age
? Domestic Social Condition
? 1.New Poor Law (1834) ? It stated that no able-bodied person was to receive

money or other help from the Poor Law authorities except in a workhouse.

? This included the foundation of Poor Law Unions and

the building of workhouses in each Union.

Social Background -Victorian Age
? Domestic Social Condition
? 2.The Chartist Movement (1836-1848)

the London Workingmen’s Association, after collecting the various demands put forward by workers document : the People’s Charter. Thus, the Chartist Movement began. they were oppressed by the government

Social Background -Victorian Age
? Domestic Social Condition ? 3. The Development and Social Problems ? The Victorian Age ? The industrial revolution ? the new class and the new productive forces, ? Capitalists the surplus value ? the two opposing class began to emerge

? gap between the rich and the poor

? It was the best of times, it was the worst of times,

? it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of
? ?


foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, i t was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, 这是最好的时代,这是最坏的时代;这是智慧的年代, 这是愚蠢的年代;这是信仰的时期,这是怀疑的时期; 这是光明的季节,这是黑暗的季节;这是希望之春,这 是绝望之冬;

? we had everything b

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