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音标小入门(1)

发布时间:2013-11-24 12:01:07  

MIss

Quan

目标(goal)
? 复习26个英文字母 ? 认识48个国际音标 ? 掌握6个单元音

授之以鱼不如授之以渔
音标 ? bird [b?:d]
? cat [k? t]

汉语拼音 ? 鸟 niǎo
? 猫 māo ? 狗 gǒu

? dog [d?ɡ]

汉语拼音

英语音标
英文字母
英语单词--cat

笔画 汉字—猫

(20个)

(28个)
加油学哦!

元音分类

单元音:

长音[i:][a:][u:][?:][?:] 短音[i] [∧][u ][? ][? ][? ][e]
双元音:[ei]

[ai] [?u] [?i ] [au] [i?] [e?] [u?]

辅音分类

成对辅音 清[p] [t] [k] [ f] [s] [θ] [?] [t?] [ts] [tr ] 浊[b] [d] [g] [v] [z] [e] [?] [d?] [dz] [dr] 鼻音: [m]

[n] [? ] 其它: [h] [r] [ l ] [w]

[j]

单元音

[i:] [i] [a:] [∧]
[u:] [u]

[? ] [e] [?: ] [?]
[?: ] [? ]

? [i:] : 通常由字母e或字母组合ee 或者ea 发出 ? e.g. : tea [ti:] ? he [hi:] ? meet [mi:t] ? ? [i] : 通常是由字母 i,或y,发出 ? e.g. : big [biɡ] ? pig [piɡ] ? family [f?mili ]

[i:] sheep [?i:p] see [si:]] eat [i:t] seat [si:t] beat [bi:t] peak[pi:k] seed [si:d] sleep [sli:p] please [pli:z]

greet [gri:t] fee [fi:] keen [ki:n] seed [si:d] sea [si:] beef [bi:f] field [fi:ld]

? [i]

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
?

miss [mis] tip [tip] it [it] bit [bit] fit [fit] family [f? mili] little [litl] pink [pink]

? ? ? ? ?
?

little [litl] kick [kik] dick [dik] fig [fig] fifty [fifti]

? [a:] 由字母a或字母组合ar,ear发出。 ? class [kla:s] 班级 ? car [ka:] 小汽车 ? heart [ha:t] 心
? [?] 由字母u或者o发出。 ? bus [b ?s] 公交车 ? money [m ?ni] 钱

? [a:] ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? bark [ba:k] ask [a:sk] hard [ha:d] glass [gla:s] far [fa:] clark [kla:k] banana [b?,na:n?] mark [ma:k] smart [sma:t]

? [∧] ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? fuss [f∧s] mud [m∧d] bus [b∧s] come [k∧m] shut[??t] sun[s?n] fun [f?n] nut [n?t] but [b?t]

[u:]通常由字母组合 [u]通常也是由字母 oo 发出 组合oo或者oul, 或u发出 e.g. mood [mu:d] e.g. book [buk] could [kud] food [fu:d] put [put] goose [ɡu:s]

? [u:]
? ? ? ? ? do [du:] who [ hu:] boot [bu:t] too [tu:] shoe [?u:]

? [u]
? look [luk] ? foot [fut] ? took [tuk] ? put [put] good [gud]

[?: ] 通常由字母组合 ir 或者er ,or,ur发出 e.g. : first [f?:st] her [h?:] work [w?:k] nurse [n?:s] [?] 通常是由字母 a或者er 发的音 e.g. : banana [b?nɑ:n?] Canada [k? n?d?] better [bet?]

? [?: ]
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? bird [b ?:d] early [‘?:li] turn [t?:n] skirt [sk?:t] hurt [h?:t] girl [g?:l] sir [s?:] learn [l?:n]

? [?]
? ? ? ? ? ? ? letter [‘let ?] colour [‘k?l ?] daughter [‘d?:t?] better [‘bet?] good [gud] brother [‘br?e?] agree [[?’gri:]

[?: ] : 由字母组合or 或a发出 e.g.: or [?:] water [w?:t?]

[? ] :由字母o或者a发出 e.g. : not [n?t] what [w?t] lot [

l?t]

? [?: ] ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ball [b?:l]] before [bi’f?:] born[b?:n] door [d?:] sport [sp?:t] girl [g?:l] sir [s?:] learn [l?:n] short [??:t] water [w?:t?] wall [w?:l] horse [h?:s]

? [?]
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? stop [st?p] sock [s?k] daughter [‘d?:t?] sorry [‘s?ri]] small [sm?l] what [w?t] shop [??p] box [b?ks] knock [n?k]

[? ]: 由字母 a 发的音

e.g. :

fat [f? t] dad [d? d] cat [k? t]

Dad have a fat cat. [d? d] [h? v] [?] [f? t] [k? t].

[e]: 通常是字母e发的音

e.g.

bed pet get

[bed] [pet] [ɡet]

Get a pet on the bed. [ɡet][?] [pet] [?n] [e?] [bed]

? [?] ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? fat [f?t] back [b?k] hand [h?nd] bag [b?g] and [?nd] bad [b?d] many [m?ni] has [h?z]

? ? ? ? ?

happy [h?pi] pants [p?nts] map [m?p] at [?t] can [k?n]

[e]

? ? ? ? ? ?

fell [fel] sell [sel] desk [desk] head [hed] egg [eg] best [best]

? ? ? ? ? ?

lesson [les?n] better [bet? ] let [let] bread [bred] get [get] net [net]

单元音综合练习
alarm [?’la:m] floor [fl?:] tennis [tenis] racket [r? kit] basket [ba:skit] club [kl?b] collect [k?’lekt] hamburge [‘h?mb?g?] afford [?’f?:d]
August [‘?:g?st] list [list] asleep [?’sli:p] believe [bi’li:v] Saturday [‘s?t?di] ticket [‘tikit] cinema [‘sinim?] America [?’merik?] market [ma:kit]


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