An Introduction of the Chinese New Year (the Spring Festival)
? 春節是中國最隆重最熱鬧的一個傳統節日，就像西 方的聖誕節。
Chinese new year (The Spring Festival) is the most important festival for Chinese people, just like Christmas in the West.
? 春節在農曆的一月一日，通常比太陽曆的一月一日 晚一個多月。
Chinese new year (The Spring Festival) is on 1st lunar January, often later than the Gregorian calendar about one month .
Sweeping the Dust ? “塵”與“陳”同音 （“陳”在漢語中的 意思是“舊”的和“ 過去的”）
“Dust” is homophonic with “chen （陳）”in Chinese, which means old and past.
“Sweeping the dust” before the Spring Festival means a thorough cleaning of houses to sweep away bad luck in the past year.
拾舊事物，歡迎 新生活的美好願 望。
This custom shows a good wish of putting away old things to welcome a new life.
Staying Up Late on New Year's Eve
守歲的傳統來自一 個有趣的民間故事 。在中國古代有一 個叫作“年”的怪 兽。在春節前的晚 上，“年”會從地 洞裡出來吃人。
The tradition of staying up late on New Year’s Eve originated from an interesting folktale. In ancient China, there lived a monster named Year. On New Year’s Eve, it always went out from its burrow to devour people.
所以在春節前夜,家人們都會聚在一起吃晚飯。 晚飯以後也沒有人敢睡覺，大家坐在一起聊天 壯膽。因此，慶祝春節也被叫作“過年”，春 節前夜的這頓飯如今被稱為“團圓飯”。
Because of the monster Year, every household would have dinner together. After dinner, no one dared go to sleep, and all the family members would sit together, chatting and emboldening each other. Therefore, “celebrating the Spring Festival” is also called “passing the Year”, and the dinner is called “reunion dinner” now.
春節的傳統美食 Traditional New Year Foods
? 魚 fish
“Fish（魚）” is homophonic with “abundance（餘）” in Chinese.
It symbolizes a wish for abundance in every year.
? 饺子 dumpling
饺子的形状像中国古代的金元宝，因此人们吃饺子以此来 希望财富到来。 The shape of dumpling is like gold ingot from ancient China. So people eat dumplings in the Spring Festival is wish for money and treasure in New Year.
拜年 New Year's Visit
他們最漂亮的衣服，禮節性地拜訪親戚 和朋友，祝愿他們新的一年中好運。 On the first day of the Chinese new year, everybody puts on their best clothes and pays ceremonial calls on their relatives and friends, wishing t
hem all the luck in the coming year.
歲錢祝福他們來年平安。 Juniors will greet seniors, wishing them health and longevity, while seniors will give juniors some gift money as a wish for their safety in the coming year.
Setting off Firecrackers
Pasting Spring Couplets
Pasting Chinese character “Fu”
It is common for Chinese to paste the character “fu （ 福 ） ” on walls and doors in the Spring Festival. It shows people’s yearning toward a good life.
Some people even invert the character “fu（福）” to signify that blessing has arrived because “inverted” is a homonym for “arrive” in Chinese.