haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 幼儿教育 > 幼儿读物幼儿读物

48个英语音标教学课件

发布时间:2013-12-04 11:00:41  

语音的重要性: 英语学习的最终目的是交际,而交际是通过 口语来进行的,语音在此过程中起着至关重要的 作用。语言有三要素:语音、语法、和词汇,其 中语音是语言的基础。只有学好发音,才能听懂 人家说的话,才能对所学的材料以正确的形式在 脑子里储存下来,以正确的形式使它重现,从而 加强对语言的感受,最有效地掌握语法和词汇, 提高实际使用的能力。

(一)元音

(二)辅音

单元音:

长元音:/i:/ /ɑ:/ /?:/ / ?:/ /U:/ 短元音:/?/ / ?/ /?/ /?/ /?/ /e/ /? /

单元音:

/i:/

发音要领: 1、舌尖抵下齿,前舌尽量抬高。 2、嘴唇向两旁伸开,成扁平 。 e : we he she , ea : teacher speak please ee : feel tree meet need ie : piece

/?/
发音要领:
1.舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,比/i:/要低。 2.嘴型扁平,牙床开得比/i:/宽。 3.可从/i:/出发,将小指尖放在上下齿之间, 使下颚稍稍下垂,舌前部也随之稍稍下降。 即可发出 /?/

发音字母 : i y e ui u a
sit picture list mix fix pig big miss minute many twenty happy dictionary

Practice: 1.Please have a seat. Seeing is believing.

2.I like coffee, I like tea, I like Lingling skipping with me.

/e/
发音要领 1、舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,比/i:/要低。
2、唇形中长,牙床开得比/i:/宽,上下齿间 可容纳一个 食指。

字母组合 ea e a (ue,u,ie,ai,ei,ay)
head bread bed egg best next any better lesson pen Breakfast is ready. Let’s get together again soon. Well, let’s get everything ready!

Pen and pencil. Pencil and pen. Pen and pencil. Say it again!

/? /
发音要领: 1、舌尖抵下齿;舌前部稍抬高,舌位比 /e/更低; 2、双唇平伸,成扁平形。张开牙床直至 上下齿之间容纳食指和中指的宽度。

发音字母 a
map hat fat bad mad back man hand thank I’m a cat, cat, cat In a cap, cap, cap. I’m a cat, cat, cat in a hat, hat, hat.

中元音: / ?/
中元音发音要领:

/ ?:/

/?/

1、舌尖抵住下齿,但不如发前元音时抵得那样紧。 2、舌面最高点在舌前部和舌后部之间。

3、不圆唇。

/ɑ:/
发音要领:1、舌尖离开下齿;口张大,舌身压低并后缩。 2、双唇呈扁型。

ar: arm art

hard

a: fast

last

class

father

Bark Bark Bark

The dog is barking after the car.

/ ?/
发音要领: 1、舌后部的靠前部分稍抬起,舌尖和舌端两侧触下齿,开口 程度和/? /相似。双唇向两旁平伸。 2、从元音/?/ 出发,将圆唇改为扁唇,即可发出此音。

u: up supper lunch fun cup bus
o: come mother dose brother love above ou: trouble oo: blood

/ ?:/
发音要领: 1、舌身平放,舌中部稍抬起。。 2、牙床开得较狭窄,双唇和发/i:/时相似。 3、注意长度,不要发得太短。

ir: girl shirt skirt bird ur; turn burn nurse

turtle hurt ear: learn earn heard er; term her or; work worm world

/?/
发音要领:

1、舌身平放,舌中部略隆起。
2、牙床半开半合,唇形扁或中圆。

er: teacher remember player speaker farmer or: doctor actor ou: delicious dangerous ar: dollar o: together tomorrow today Washington polite a: ago elephant banana Japan China e: happen

Enough is enough ! Just shut up. What’s up? Nothing much. Hurry up! I love China. China and America should always work together. I have to work early tomorrow. Words are not for hurting other people.

后元音
/ɑ:/ /?:/ /?/ /U:/ /?/
后元音发音要领:
a. 舌尖离开下齿,舌身后缩,舌后部向软腭抬起。 除/ɑ:/用开扁唇外,其他双唇收圆。

b. 发 /ɑ:/ /?:/ /U:/ 时要注意长度,不要发得太短。

/?:/
发音要领:
1、舌尖离开下齿;舌后部抬得比/?/略高。压低并后缩。 2、双唇也收得更圆更小,并需用力向前突出。

3、注意长度不要发得太短。

al: small wall talk tall hall ball call walk or:short more horse for forty sport story door floor caught daughter au: autumn August bought warm “[w]+ar” ,ar发 : warm war /?:/ toward

发音要领:

/?/
唇稍稍收

1、舌尖离开下齿;口张大,舌身压低并后缩。
2、双唇稍稍收圆。 3、可先发/ɑ:/音,然后将舌身再稍稍向后缩,双

圆(不要突出),即可发出/?/。

o: hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss dollar a: want wash watch

au: because
Bob Bob Bob is an orange dog.

/U:/
发音要领: 1、双唇比/?/收得更圆更小,向前突出,舌后部比/?/抬得 更高。 2、注意长度,不要发得太短,口腔肌肉要始终保持紧张状态。

o: do shoe who oo: food too moon noon

u: true blue

/?/
发音要领:
1、舌尖离开下齿;舌后部向软腭抬起,舌身后缩。 2、双唇收圆,稍向前突出。

oo: look good foot book wood ou: should could u: put push

O: woman

双元音

双元音是作为一个音节、用一次呼气发出来 的两个元音的连缀。这个连缀是以滑溜音的 形式读出来的,即舌从第一个元音的位置向 第二个元音方向以最直接的途径滑过去而成 为一个音。双元音的两个成分中只有第一个 读得比较重、长和清晰,第二个则要读得比 较轻、短和含糊。

常发这个元音的字母是“a”,此外,还有字 母组合“ai”、“ea”、“eigh”、 “aigh”、“ay”、“ey”等 . 发音要领: 1.口形由/e/向/?/滑动。 2. 发音过程中下颚向上合拢,舌位也随之稍稍抬高。

name lake game snake place say play lay eight

常发这个音的字母是“i”和“y”,字母组 合则有:“ey”、“ie”、“ui”、“uy”、 “igh”、“eigh”等
发音要领: 1.先发/a/音,然后滑向/i/音。舌尖抵住下齿。 2.发此音的关键是要把/a/音发足,注意从开到合的滑动。

high buy

[?? ]

boy toy

常发这个音的是字母组合:“oi”和 “oy”。

发音要领: 1.这是个双元音,由两个元音构成,第一个是/?/和 短音/i/. 2.发音时由第一个音向第二个音滑动,不到第二个音就结束。

destroy

noise oil

spoil point

常发这个音的有字母“o”、字母组合 “oa”、“ou”、“ow”、“ew”以及 “ough”等 发音要领: 1.由两个元音构成,第一个音是“短音”/?/,第二个音是“短 乌音”/u/。 2. 发音时,先打开下颔骨,嘴唇略微呈圆形,口形较大,舌端离 下齿,舌身放低后缩,舌后部微抬起,然后随着发音过程的变化 口形收圆缩小,舌后部继续向后缩并抬起。

no

go

home

those hello zero

goat boat bow

[??]

[i?]
发音要领:

是双唇张开,从/i/音滑向/?/音。前面的/i/发得较清楚, 后面的/?/或较弱。双唇始终半开。此音一定要发足。 舌抵下齿逐渐过渡为上卷,从“一”音过渡到“厄”。

eer: beer deer ear: ear dear near ere: here ea: idea

[??]
发音要领: 由/e/向/?/滑动,舌身稍向后 缩,口型由半开变为扁平。

ear: air: are: ere:

pear bear chair air fair hair pair care hare there where cheer

[au]
发音要领: 发音时,由/a/滑向/u/,结束时双唇收 圆稍向前突。
ou: house out south cloud house proud loud mouse round about mouth ow flower down now cow how town ?

[u?]
发音要领:

发音时,嘴唇从收圆到半开。发好 这个音的关键是首先要把/u/音发 足,然后滑向/?/音。

oor: poor ure: sure sure pure

[u?]
[au]

[??]
[i?]

Today is cold. Rose is in the boat. She wants to have a coat. Put on your coat. You know you have a cold.

Hello Kate,hello May. They are playing by the lake. David ,David .You are so late. Come on ,David. Let’s make a birthday cake

Who runs fastest? You or me? No,no,no. Tell me ,tell me ,please. Cheetahs, teetahs. Now you know. Yes,Thank you ,Rose. Who is the ugliest ? You or me? No, no,no. Tell me, tell me ,please. Crocodiles, crocodiles Now you know. Yes.Thank you,Jone.

1.hate 憎恨

2.mat 草席
5.hike 远足
8.hope 希望

3.mate 伙伴
9.kit 用具包
6.suck 吸

4.slit 撕开
7.hop 单足跳

There is a little bee. Coming from the apple tree. Flying in the flowers. And can’t see me.

The brown cow is out now.

Bark.Bark.Bark. The dog is barking after the car.

Look.This is little John. Goes to bed with his trousers on. One shoe off and one shoe on. Look.This is little John.

1. The baby and the lady are playing by the lake. 2. The four tall reporter are talking about sports. 3. I like the toy bear.I often brush its hair. I have a pear near the chair. 4.Today is cold.Don’t forget to put on your coat.You can go to school by boat. 5.Kate often makes birthday cakes on holiday. 6.David is saying”Maybe Kate can’t skate.” 7.The ugly man has one hundred ducks

. 8.The farmer has a large farm and a car. 9.After art class we put down sunglasses and sit on the grass. 10.Miss Mo, She’s tall.She has a dog, it’s small.She likes walking and riding a horse.

1. The baby and the lady are playing by the lake. 2. The four tall reporter are talking about sports. 3. I like the toy bear.I often brush its hair. I have a pear near the chair. 4.Today is cold.Don’t forget to put on your coat.You can go to school by boat. 5.Kate often makes birthday cakes on holiday. 6.David is saying”Maybe Kate can’t skate.”

Tomorrow is my birthday. But I have a stomachache. My parents always say: Don't eat too much cake. Don't forget. Kate! Ok.Ok.Ok.


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com