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语调

发布时间:2013-12-21 16:01:29  

Saturday, December 14, 2013

语调 英语语调主要有降调、升调和平调三大类。

不同的语调可以表示说话人不同的态度和不同的隐含意思。

英语中同一句话采用不同的语调会产生截然不同的语意概念。如“Yes” 语调具有强烈的感情色彩,它使语言更富有表现力。

降调

用于陈述句

I have already read that book. ↘ That street is two miles long. ↘

用于特殊疑问句

What has happened to him? ↘ Which direction is it to the post office? ↘

注意:特殊疑问句有时可用升调表示请别人重复刚说过的话:

What is your major? ↗ Where shall we go for the holiday? ↗

用于祈使句

Go back to your seat! ↘ Please do not hesitate to contact me. ↘

用于感叹句

What a small world! ↘ Oh! My poor Mathilde, how you’ve changed! ↘

用于选择疑问句中“or”之后的部分

Do you want to ride or walk? ↘ Would you like coffee or tea? ↘

升调

用于一般疑问句

Do you mind if I sit here? ↗ Can you hand in your compositions today? ↗

注意:一般疑问句有时也可用降调,表示一种不耐烦的口气,或表示命令等。 Are you satisfied? ↘ Will you take off your hat, please? ↘

用于罗列中最后一项之前的各项

For each incomplete sentence, there are four choices marked A↗, B↗, C↗, and D. ↘ We study Chinese ↗, history ↗, geography ↗, and English. ↘

用于陈述句,表示疑问、怀疑、未定、猜测或期待等

Your really want to do it? ↗ She might have gone. ↗ I think so. ↗

用于置于句首的状语短语或状语从句

After dinner ↗, I read a magazine and made telephone calls. ↘

While you were writing letters ↗, I was reading a book. ↘

用于并列句的第一个分句,表示句子还未说完

My fever is gone ↗, but I still have a cough. ↘ My major is English ↗, and I like it. ↘ 用于委婉祈使句

Excuse me, sir ↗. Can you help me? ↗

用于称呼语

Mrs. Smith ↗, this is Tom Jones. ↘

平调: 用于直接引语后,表示话是谁说的

“We are going to Florida,” she said brightly. →

“How do you feel, boy?” I asked him. →

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