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妈妈要理智为宝宝服用退烧药

发布时间:2014-01-25 17:04:36  

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妈妈要理智为宝宝服用退烧药

如何给宝宝服用退烧药?婴幼儿发烧是新手妈妈最心急的状况之一,不过,在这个时候妈妈要理智为孩子服用退烧药,否则就会伤害到孩子的健康哦。妈妈必知如何给宝宝服用退烧药。

用药安全:妈妈要理智为宝宝服用退烧药

38.5°C以下通常不必用药。一般腋下温度超过37.2°C定义为发烧。对于绝大多数3个月以上的宝宝以及成人而言,轻度发烧本身并不危险。 腋下温度38.5°C以下的患者,如果精神状态尚好,学习、工作未受影响,没必要用药。此时,可用物理降温方法,包括洗温水澡或用温水浸过湿热的毛巾擦拭 身体。

普通发热建议只用1种药。安全性高的退烧药有对乙酰氨基酚和布洛芬。对乙酰氨基酚(如泰诺林、必理通等)是退烧药首选,适用于3月以上的儿童和 成人,合理使用安全性高,但过量使用可能造成肝脏损害。布洛芬(如美林、芬必得等)退烧作用较强,会导致大量出汗,不适用于有脱水症状者,肾功能不好者也 要慎用。

当一天只需要服2~3次退烧药就能缓解时,最好只用1种药。因为每增加一种药品,就会使吃错药的风险增加一倍。同时,一旦出现药品不良反应,很 难鉴别是哪种药物导致的,会增大治疗的难度。退烧药起效的时间因人而异,一般0.5~2小时内见效。家长如果发现孩子服布洛芬后开始出汗,服对乙酰氨基酚 后哭闹减轻(可能是头痛等症状减轻),证明药开始起效了,不要急着加药或者换药。

高烧不退交替使用退烧药时,注意间隔时间。如果正确用药仍然持续高烧不退时,可以考虑两种退烧药交替使用。例如对乙酰氨基酚用了2小时后烧没退 下来,但其最小用药间隔是4小时,这时,不能再用对乙酰氨基酚,只能将另一种退烧药布洛芬与其交替用。服两种药的最小间隔时间是2小时。因为通常一种退烧 药吃进去后,大约需要2小时才能达到有效治疗效果,如果2小时后体温仍然维持在38.5°C以上,可以理解为某一种药不能有效退烧,这时才需要和另一种药 交替使用。两种退烧药交替使用时,每天分别最多用4次。

吃药退烧时要多喝水,这样能加快排泄,有利于带走体内热量。用药同时也可配合物理降温,能起到更好的效果。

宝宝退烧药的副作用

正所谓“是药三分毒”,化学类药物一般有见效快的优点,同时也可能会带有不同的副作用。从以上对6种儿童退烧药的分析可以了解到,不同退烧药成分对应产生的副作用情况。相较而言,对乙酰氨基酚和布洛芬的副作用是最小的。

常见儿童退烧药的副作用普遍是对胃肠道有刺激作用,但像安乃近、氨基比林的副作用就更为明显,可能会引起虚脱,甚至发生休克,有过敏体质的孩子会产生药疹、荨麻疹,危及患儿生命。这些类别的药物也正逐渐被淘汰掉。

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2 How to give the baby taking fever-reducing medication? Infants and young children have a fever is one of the most impatient of novice mother, however, at the same time taking

fever-reducing medication for the child, mother wisely to oh, or it will hurt the child's health. Mother will know how to give the baby taking fever-reducing medication.

Drug safety: mom to reason for baby fever

Don't have to use normally under 38.5 ° C. Generally axillary temperature is greater than 37.2 ° C is defined as a fever. For the vast www.cdsycg.com majority of more than 3 months baby and adults, mild fever itself is not dangerous. Patients with axillary

temperature of 38.5 ° C below, if the spirit is good, study, work is not affected, there is no need to use. At this point, the available physical cooling methods, including warm water bath or soaked in hot and humid towel to wipe the body with warm water.

Ordinary fever suggest only 1 kind of medicine. Safety is high fever in acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Acetaminophen (tylenol, will Richard tong, etc.) is the preferred antipyretics, suitable for more than 3 month of children www.jnhshr.com and adults, the rational use of high safety, but excessive use can cause liver damage. Ibuprofen (such as merrill lynch, the Finn will be fever effect is stronger, will cause a lot of sweat, do not apply to the symptoms of dehydration, kidney is bad also be careful.

When you just need to take 2 ~ 3 times a day antipyretics can alleviate, best use only one kind of medicine. Because every increase a drug, can make double the risk of eating the wrong medicine. At the same time, once appear, adverse drug reactions, what kind of medicine is very difficult to identify, will increase the difficulty of treatment. Antipyretics work time is different from person to person, generally 0.5 to 2 hours of work. If discover the child parents start sweating after taking ibuprofen, crying after taking acetaminophen alleviate reduce) (may be symptoms such as headache, prove medicine began to work, don't be so quick to dosing or switching.

Alternate use fever high fever is not retreated, pay attention to the time interval. If the right medication continued high fever is not retreated, consider two antipyretics used

interchangeably. Such as acetaminophen for 2 hours after the fever and no drug but its minimum interval is 4 hours, then, can no longer use acetaminophen, can only be another fever with alternating with ibuprofen. Two kinds of medicine, the minimum time interval is 2 hours. Because a fever medicine usually go in, takes about 2 hours to achieve effective treatment effect, if after 2 hours still remain above 38.5 ° C temperature, can be

understood as a kind of medicine cannot effectively, fever at this time only need and

another kind of medicine used interchangeably. Two kinds of fever when used alternately, the multi-purpose respectively 4 times a day.

Take medicine when the fever to drink water more, it can accelerate the excretion, to take away the body heat. Medication at the same time also can cooperate physical cooling, can have better effect.

The side effects of baby's fever

Is the so-called "is a medicine three minutes poison", chemical drugs generally has the advantages of quick effect, at the same time, it may be with different side effects. From 2

3 the above analysis of 6 kinds of fever in children can learn, antipyretics component corresponding to the side effects of different conditions. By contrast, the side effects of acetaminophen and ibuprofen is the smallest.

Generally is the side effects of common children fever has stimulative effect to the gastrointestinal tract, but like analgin, amidopyrine side effects is more obvious, may cause collapse, shock, even children with allergies will produce drug rash, urticaria, endanger children life. These classes are also gradually be eliminated.

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