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宝宝皮肤干,容易诱发湿疹

发布时间:2014-01-28 16:55:49  

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宝宝皮肤干,容易诱发湿疹

新晋妈妈曲莉最近很烦恼,她的宝宝刚4个月,最近肛门附近总是红红的,以为是尿布疹。因为月嫂在时,一直用尿布,月嫂走后,就换成尿不湿

,结果就出现了红屁股的现象。但涂抹了防治尿布疹的膏药后,情况一直没有好转。

去看了医生后,才知道是食物过敏引发的湿疹,原因是曲莉爱吃辣椒。曲莉很诧异,宝宝是纯母乳喂养,妈妈吃的东西也会导致宝宝过敏吗?

食物过敏诱发湿疹 排查可疑食物

首都儿科研究所附属儿童医院皮肤科主任刘晓雁介绍,湿疹是由多种复杂的内、外因素引起的一种具有多形性皮损和易有渗出倾向的皮肤炎症性

反应。在 专业上叫特异性皮炎,是儿童常见的一种过敏反应性皮肤病,与过敏性鼻炎和哮喘等疾病类似,这种病很大程度上由先天的基因决定,它

与遗传相关的研究已有很多 报道。一般来说,父母一方患湿疹的子女,发病率增加一倍;父母双方均患湿疹时,子女的发病率增加两倍。如果父母

患有过敏性鼻炎或哮喘,宝宝患湿疹也是高发 的。

有些食物是可以诱发或加重湿疹的。但并不是所有的湿疹都是因为食物引起的。目前研究认为,超过50%的湿疹患儿食用某些食物后会诱发或加

重,如鸡蛋、牛奶、小麦、豆类和花生等,多发生在3岁以内的患儿。

即使是纯母乳喂养的宝宝,也可能因为妈妈食用某些食物后诱发湿疹。

对于食物过敏诱发的湿疹,回避相关食物后,很快就好了。

需要注意的是,食物过敏诱发的湿疹,越早发现越好。因为这种湿疹,最开始,都环绕在排泄器官周边,如肛门或尿道口,有一圈红,很好识别

为此,家长需要在更换尿布或尿不湿时,仔细检查宝宝的肛门及尿道口。同时,为了迅速找到过敏原,家长最好详细地记录宝宝每天的食物,母

乳喂养的妈妈也要同时记录自己的饮食情况,如果发现有过敏现象,可疑食物就要一一排查。

湿疹不是由潮湿导致

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2 自从宝宝的脐带脱落后,曲莉就天天给宝宝洗澡,依照她自己的经验,洗过澡后,会睡得比较好。

但得了湿疹后,老人就反对洗澡了。他们认为,湿疹是因为皮肤过湿引起的,不能沾水,否则会病情加重。

北京儿童医院皮肤科主任马琳介绍,事实上,这个观点是错误的。湿疹本身不是由潮湿导致的,但是皮肤潮湿可以使皮疹显得明显,给人一种洗

澡后湿疹 加重的错觉。适当的洗澡是有利无害的,不仅可以去除表面的鳞屑、痂皮,对感染皮肤的病原体也起到一定的清洁作用,同时还可增加皮

肤的含水量,有利于缓解皮 肤干燥。

曲莉发现,冬季天气寒冷又干燥,宝宝的皮肤就很干,也容易得湿疹。这个时候,补充水分很重要,但她的宝宝不太爱喝水,幸运的是,宝宝很

喜欢玩水,每次洗澡,宝宝都要泡半个小时左右,这样可以缓解皮肤干燥吗?

北京儿童医院皮肤科主任马琳介绍,泡久了是不行的,小孩的角质层是薄的,本来就疏松,过度泡就给泡松了,病菌更容易进去了,所以小孩洗

澡的时间不能超过20分钟,而老年人是30分钟,因为老年人皮肤厚了。

还有一个原因,大部分人不知道,皮肤表面是弱酸的,5.5-6.5的pH值,北京的水是弱碱性,pH值是7.2-7.99,弱碱性对人体没有伤害,因为身

体体液的pH值是7.35-7.45,但是,弱碱性对皮肤有害,因为在弱碱性的水里泡的时间长了,会让皮肤更干。

洗不过度,护勿不足

冬天最常见的儿童皮肤问题就是湿疹,因为皮肤太干了,北京的气候是每年立秋过后,晚上身体不再出汗了,秋风一刮,皮肤干燥的病就来了,

所以,只要过了立秋,到第二年的五一,大家就需要往身上抹润肤剂,尤其是宝宝,这是缓解皮肤干燥最好的办法。

所以,洗完澡后的孩子一定要给抹上润肤剂。游完泳的孩子更应该抹润肤剂。因为游泳池的水含氯,氯对皮肤的刺激性更大,所以上来后应该马

上用清水冲,冲完之后迅速抹润肤剂。

我们经常讲,洗不能过度,护不能不足。可以说,良好的洗护习惯可以让30%的人不 2

3 走进医院。

曲莉是南方人,她按照老家的传统,也给宝宝抹一点点润肤剂,但是发现,宝宝的皮肤依然很干。

北京儿童医院皮肤科主任马琳介绍,润肤剂分好多种,比如有牛奶系列、有舒润系列,如果在上海、杭州那些比较湿润的地方,可能抹牛奶系列

就行了, 但在北方就得抹舒润系列,得抹油大的。有人试过,在杭州抹北京的1/3的润肤剂,就足以达到滋润了,可是北京、哈尔滨、内蒙古等地,

一个地方比一个地方寒 冷、一个地方比一个地方干燥,所以抹的润肤剂应该足够稠,应该足够多,才能达到比较好的效果。

■ 答疑

家庭护理得当有助皮肤病治疗

宝宝洗澡,淋浴和盆浴,哪种方式更好一些?

北京儿童医院皮肤科主任马琳介绍,淋浴和盆浴完全取决于生活习惯和神经发育,国外是3岁之内应该都是盆浴,因为拿喷头冲的压力会让孩子

比较紧 张,而洗澡是个舒服的事情,3岁以内应该是盆浴;3岁-5岁是根据生活习惯,有人喜欢淋浴有人喜欢盆浴;5岁以上就都可以淋浴了。老年人

盆浴是为了安全和 整体舒适度考虑。

容易得湿疹的孩子,也容易患上传染性软疣,这是什么原因造成的?

皮肤科主任马琳介绍,传染性软疣是一种接触传染的皮肤病。爱得湿疹的孩子就爱长软疣,因为他的肌体决定他的皮肤屏障功能不好,而病 毒

是要种在表皮,生长在表皮细胞里面的。因为皮肤屏障功能不好,病毒就容易种上,还因为湿疹比较痒,容易去抓,抓的时候就容易将病毒接种在上

面。

传染性软疣容易治疗吗?

北京儿童医院皮肤科主任马琳介绍,了解健康常识之后,很多皮肤病都能迎刃而解。实际上就是家庭护理能够起到特别重要的作用。如果家长看

到一个就马上给挤掉了,就容易根治。

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需要注意的是,得了传染性软疣,不要自己挤,到医院挤。看医生挤很简单,但自己就不会。传染性软疣在皮肤上看着是一个小疙瘩,但这小东

西底下还 有一大坨,就像个梨,普通人可能就把嘴给夹掉了,结果在底下的软疣小体全露出来了,正好传染,好多家长本来只在宝宝身上发现一个

,他觉得很简单,结果挤完 之后传染很多。

New mother QuLi very vexed recently, her baby just four months, recently always red near the anus, thought it was a diaper rash. Because her in, have been use diapers, her left, change diapers

, the results appear the phenomenon of red www.tdwk.net buttock. But after daub the plaster of the prevention and treatment of diaper rash, situation has not improved.

To see the doctor, just know is food allergies cause eczema, reason is QuLi love to eat chili. QuLi surprised, baby is exclusive breastfeeding, mothers to eat baby can also cause allergic?

Food allergy trigger eczema screening suspected food

Liu Xiaoyan, director of the children's hospital affiliated to the capital institute of pediatrics, dermatology, eczema is caused by a variety www.jxdjxz.com of complex internal and external factors of a kind of polymorphous skin and has a tendency to seep the

inflammatory skin

Reaction. On the professional name is atopic dermatitis, children common kind of allergic reaction sex skin disease, like diseases such as allergic rhinitis and asthma, the disease is largely decided by the innate gene, it

There have been many reports in the related to genetic research. In general, a parent children suffering from eczema, incidence doubled; The incidence of the children were suffering from eczema, both parents tripled. If the parents

With allergic rhinitis or asthma, the baby eczema is also high.

Some foods can induce or aggravate eczema. But not all eczema caused by food. Current research suggests that more than 50% of children with eczema can induce or add after eating certain foods

Heavy, such as eggs, milk, wheat, beans and peanuts, tend to occur within 3 years old children.

Even the exclusive breastfeeding baby, may also be because mom after eating certain foods trigger eczema.

For food allergies cause eczema, to avoid related to food, well soon.

It is important to note that food allergies cause eczema, the sooner you find the better. Because this kind of eczema, at first, all around the surrounding the excretory organ, such as the anus or urethral opening, there is a red circle, very good identification

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Therefore, parents need to change diapers or diaper, carefully check the baby anus and urethral opening. At the same time, in order to quickly find the allergens, parents are the best record in detail the baby food every day, mother

Breastfeeding mother also want to track your diet at the same time, if found to have allergic phenomenon, suspicious food will be one by one.

Eczema is not caused by moisture

Since the baby's umbilical cord falls off, QuLi give a baby a bath every day, according to her own experience, after the bath, will sleep better.

But after had eczema, the old man was against a bath. They think, eczema because skin caused by the wet, cannot touch water, otherwise it will became seriously ill.

Beijing children's hospital dermatological department, the director of Marine is introduced, as a matter of fact, this view is wrong. Eczema is not caused by damp, but can make the rash appears obvious skin moisture, give a person a kind of washing

Eczema is aggravating the illusion of after bath. Proper bath is a beneficial harmless, not only can remove scale bits and scab skin surface, to infection pathogens also play a role in cleaning the skin, still can increase the skin at the same time

Skin moisture content, relieve skin dry skin.

QuLi found that, the weather was cold and dry winter, the baby's skin is very dry, also prone to eczema. This time, the water is very important, but not so love her baby to drink water, fortunately, the baby is

Like to play with water, bath, the baby is to soak for half an hour or so, it can relieve dry skin?

Beijing children's hospital dermatological department, the director of Marine is introduced, and soak for a long time is not enough, the children of the corneous layer is thin, is

inherently osteoporosis, excessive bubble to bubble is loose, germs are more likely to go in, so the children wash

Bath time is no more than 20 minutes, and the elderly is 30 minutes, because the old thick skin.

There is another reason, most people don't know, is a weak acid on the skin surface, 5.5 to 6.5 pH, Beijing is weak alkaline water, pH value is 7.2 to 7.99, the weak alkaline no harm to human body, because the body

Body fluid pH is 7.35 to 7.45, but the weak alkaline harmful to the skin, because in the weak alkaline water bubble after a long time, can let the skin more dry.

Wash not excessive, protect you

Winter is the most common problems of children is eczema, because the skin is too dry, the weather in Beijing is a year after the beginning of autumn, the body no longer sweating in the evening, the autumn wind blowing, dry skin disease came,

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6 So as long as the beginning of autumn, to the second year of the May Day, you will need to be covered in emollients, especially baby, this is the best way to relieve dry skin. So, take a shower after children must give with emollients. A swim children should be more emollient. Because the water of swimming pool chlorine, chlorine more irritating to the skin, so come up after should be the horse

After, with water in the rapidly wipe emollients.

We often speak, wash not excessive, can't lack. Can say, good habits of shampoo can make 30% of the people don't walk into the hospital.

QuLi is a southerner, her old home in accordance with tradition, also for baby wipes a little emollients, but found that the baby's skin is still very dry.

Beijing children's hospital dermatological department, the director of Marine is introduced, emollients good variety, such as the milk series, series of ShuRun, if in Shanghai, hangzhou to the places where is wetter, may put milk series

To go, but have to wipe ShuRun series in the north, and had anointed with oil. Someone tried to put Beijing in hangzhou one-third of emollients, is sufficient to achieve better, but Beijing, Harbin, Inner Mongolia and other places,

One place than a cold cold, one place than a dry, wipe so emollients should be thick enough, should be enough, can achieve better effect.

S answer

Home care properly can help skin disease treatment

The baby bath, shower and tub, which way is better?

Beijing children's hospital dermatological department, the director of Marine is introduced, and the shower and tub completely depends on the living habits and neural development, abroad is should be within 3 years old bath, because take shower nozzle pressure makes the child

Relatively tight, and take a shower is a comfortable thing, should be within 3 years old bath; 3-5 years is according to the habits and customs, some people like to shower some prefer bath; More than 5 years of age can be a shower. The elderly

Bath is for the sake of safety and comfort to consider as a whole.

Children prone to eczema, are also susceptible to contagious soft wart, what reason is this?

Dermatologist, director of Marine is introduced, contagious soft wart is a kind of contact with infectious skin disease. Love to young children eczema is long soft wart, because his body decided his skin barrier function is not good, poison and disease

For skin, planted in epidermal cells growth. Virus can easily because of the bad skin barrier function, but also because of eczema itch, easy to grasp, grasp of the virus vaccination in easily

Surface.

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7 Contagious soft wart is treated easily?

Beijing children's hospital dermatological department, the director of Marine is introduced, and understand the health knowledge, many skin diseases can be readily solved. In fact is home care can play a particularly important role. If parents see

To crowd out immediately to a easy to effect a radical cure.

It is important to note that got contagious soft wart, don't squeeze itself, to the hospital. The doctor crowded is very simple, but they won't. Contagious soft wart is looked at on the skin is a little a knot in one's, but the little east

Under the west also has a big tuo, like a pear, ordinary people might give clip off the mouth, the results in the funnies out of soft wart body, under the right infection, a lot of parents was found only in babies one

After, he felt that is very simple, as a result, squeeze a lot.

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