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小升初专项训练2名词所有格

发布时间:2013-09-20 09:40:56  

小升初专项训练2:名词所有格的构成及用法

名词在句中表示所有关系、所属关系、动作执行者及动作承受者等意义时常需用所有格形式。名词所有格也称为属格、主格,它主要包括's所有格、of所有格和双重所有格三种表现形式。

定义:表示有生命的东西的名词及某些表示时间、距离、星球、世界、国家等无生命的东西的名词后加 ’s来表示所有关系,叫做名词所有格。

名词所有格的用法:

一、名词+ ’s (主要用于有生命的事物)

1、单数名词和不以-s结尾的复数名词在词尾加’s构成所有格

例如:

Jimmy’s book (吉米的书)

Jane’s schoolbag (简的书包)

Mark’s room (马克的房间)

Qianqian’s mother (倩倩的妈妈)

Children’s Day (儿童节)

Wuhan’s summer is very hot (武汉的夏天)

Qianqian ’s math is very good. (倩倩的数学)

2、复数名词以-s结尾的只需要加’ 构成所有格。

例如:

Twins’ father is Mr. Brown. (双胞胎的爸爸)

Girls’ favorite food is ice-cream. (女孩们最喜欢的食物)

二、名词 +of +名词

无生命的名词+of +名词的结构来表示所有关系。

例如:

A bag of mine= my bag (我的书包)

The name of the girl =the girl’s name (女孩的名字)

The window of the bedroom = the bedroom’s window(卧室的窗户) The photo of my family= my family photo 我的全家福

三、特殊所有格

1.两人共有,则后一个人名用所有格;(共有‘s)

各有各的,则两个名词都用所有格。(各自加‘s,且其后名词应为复数)例如:

This is Tom and Jim’s room. 这是汤姆和吉姆共有的房间。 These are Tom’s and Jim’s rooms. 这些是汤姆和杰森各自的房间。an hour and a half’s walk (步行一个半小时的路程)

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四.'s所有格所修饰的词的省略现象

(1)表示诊所、店铺或某人的家等地点名词,其名词所有格后的被修饰语常常

省略。

例如: I met her at the doctor's(office).我在诊所遇见了她。

He has gone to the tailor's(shop).他到服装店去了。

She went to Mr.Black's(house)yesterday.她昨天到布莱克先生家去了。

(2)名词所有格所修饰的词,如果前面已经提到过,往往可以省略,以免重复=

名词性物主代词

例如: Whose pen is this?It's Tom's. 这是谁的钢笔?是汤姆的。 The bike is not mine,but Wang Pinpin's.这辆自行车不是我的,是王品品的。

五. 双重所有格及其用法

's所有格+of所有格,构成"of+所有格"形式,即双重的所有格。

它通常表示部分观念,即全体中的一部分,在意义上与"one of..."相似,它主要修饰of短语之前的那个名词。此外,双重所有格与指示代词连用时,常带有感情色彩,如赞赏、不满、厌恶等。它的主要形式如下:

1.名词+of+名词性物主代词。

a good friend of mine 我的一个好朋友

an interesting story of his 他的有趣的经历

2.名词+of+'s所有格。

He is a friend of my sister's.(=one of my sister's friends)他是我姐姐的一个朋友 Look at that long nose of Jack's.看杰克的那个长鼻子。(感情色彩)

试比较:

a picture of Xiao Zhang 小张(本人)的照片

a picture of Xiao Zhang's 小张(具有的照片中)的一张照片

3.不定冠词、数词、某些不定代词(some,any,many,no,few等)以及which等

限定词,一般不与形容词性物主代词或's所有格等一起放在名词前修饰名词,而采用of所有格或双重所有格形式。

most of the students 学生中的大多数

three of them 他们中的三个人

I have read some books of his.我读过他的一些书

Which book of Qiong Yao's have you read?你读过琼瑶的哪一本书?

's所有格、of所有格和双重所有格三者之间的细微区别

请仔细比较下面三句话:

1.She is Mary's brother's friend.

2.She is a friend of Mary's brother.

3.She is a friend of Mary's brother's.

1句用的是's所有格,侧重说明她和Mary的哥哥是朋友关系,突出friend一词。 2句用的是of所有格,侧重说明她和Mary的哥哥是朋友关系,强调突出了Mary's brother。

3句用的是双重所有格,侧重说明Mary哥哥的朋友不止是一个,她只是其中的一个。

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一.用所给词的适当形式填空:

1.March 8th is __________Day. (woman).

2.Taking twenty __________(分钟) exercise every day is good for your health.

3.The shop sells ____________(妇女) handbags.

4.Teachers in western countries have a __________(三个月的) holiday in a year.

5.I’ll give my English teacher a card for ____________Day. (teacher)

6.It’s only ten __________walk from the station to the hotel. (minute)

7.It’s an __________(hour) ride from here to the museum.

二.选择填空:

1.----How’s Joy’s skirt?

----Her skirt is more beautiful than ________.

A.her sister’s and Kate B.her sister and Kate

C.her sister and Kate’s D.her sister’s and Kate’s

2.This is _______ room. The twin sisters like it very much.

A.Lucy’s and Lily’s B.Lucy’s and Lily C.Lucy and Lily’s

3.In ______ time, those mountains will be covered with trees, too.

A.few years B.a few years’ C.a few year D.a few year’s

4.We will have a ___________holiday after the exam.

A. two month B. two–month C. two month’s D. two–months

5.Did you hear the ___________report?

A. policemen B. policemen’s C. policemens’ D. policemens

6.It’s about __________walk from my home.

A. ten minute B. ten minutes’ C. ten minute’s D. ten minutes

7.This is my dress. That one is ______________.

A. Mary B. Mary’s C. sister D. mother

8.Every morning Mr. Smith takes a ________ to his office.

A. 20 minutes walk B. 20 minute’s walk C. 20-minutes walk D. 20-minute walk

9.Where is ___________ sweater ? I can’t see it.

A. Lucy B. Lucys C. Lucy’s

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10.__________ mothers made them have piano lessons.

A. Peter and Anne B. Peter’s and Anne’s C. Peter’s and Anne D. Peter and Anne’s

11.The room on the right is ________.

A. her B. she C. Lucy’s D. Lucy

12.We’ll have a ____________ holiday. What about going to the West Lake?

A. two days B. two-day C. two-days D. two-days’(两天的假期:two days’ holiday/two-day holiday)

13.The market isn’t far from here. It’s only ___________ bicycle ride.

A. half an hours’ B. half an hour’s C. half an hour D. an hour and a half

14.Where’s your father ? At _________.

A. Mr Green’s B. Mr. Green C. the Mr. Green’s

15.The twin brothers always put small presents in ___________stockings on Christmas Day.

A. each other’s B. each other C. each others D. each others’

16.My father will have a _________ holiday next month. He’ll take me to Qingdao.

A. ten days B. ten days’ C. ten-days D. ten day’s

17.Where have you been these days?

I have been to Bei Daihe with a friend __________.

A. in Chinese B. of Japan C. of American’s D. from Canada

18.When we saw the film Hero, I sat between Ted and Ben. That is to say my seat was between ____________.

A. Ted and Ben B. Ted’s and Ben C. Ted and Ben’s D. Ted’s and Ben’s

19.It is said that SARS has killed more than _______________ people worldwide.

A. three hundreds B. three hundreds’ C. three hundred’s D. three hundred

20.Kate won the _______ race in the summer sports meeting.

A. 100-metre B. 100-metres C. 100 metre D. 100 metre’s (同12题)

21.Whose bike is it ? It’s ____________.

A. John B. John’s C. Johns’ D. Johns

22.I’ll give you ________to finish the work. OK.

A. two week’s time B. two weeks’ time

C. two week time D. two weeks time

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23.________ desk is the cleanest in the classroom.

A. Ann’s and Tom B. Ann and Tom’s C. Ann and Tom D. Ann’s and Tom’s

24.My pen is black. _________ is blue.

A. Kates B. Kate C. Kate’s

25.Is this your room? No, it’s _________room.

A. the children B. the children’s C. of the children D. the childrens’

26.Who is the man in the blue car? He is __________ father.

A. Kate’s and Mary’s B. Kate and Mary’s C. Kate and Mary D. of Kate and Mary.

三.翻译。

1. __________________________(李明的父母)work in a big hospital.

2. This is __________________________________(我妹妹的语文书)

3. __________________________________(双胞胎的卧室) are very nice.

4. ______________________________(王平和王明的父亲) is a hotel manager.

5. They are ___________________________________(Peter 和Sam的老师).

6. ___________________________(教师节) is on September 10th .

7. ___________________________________(学生们的桌椅) are very new.

8. We are very happy on ____________________________________(儿童节).

9. He is in _________________________________(老师的办公室) now.

10. Please open ______________________________________(教室的门).

11. ____________________________(赵敏的鞋) are white.

12. _________________________________(林红和张蔚的学校) is big and new.

13. ________________________________(John和Sally的母亲) are American.

14. ______________________________(Tony哥哥的电脑) is broken.

15. It’s _____________________________(妇女节) on March 8th.

16. Are these ________________________________________(男生们的书包) ?

17. That is _______________________________________(Tom和李雷的教室).

18. ______________________________________(我父亲和他父亲的朋友)are from Beijing.

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