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1-12 month baby's milestone 1-12月婴儿(infant)的生理发展里程碑

发布时间:2013-12-07 15:36:18  

Physical Development Milestones for Babies (0-1 year)

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? He can recognize your voice and smell. He try to raise his head if lying on tummy Sticks out his tongue in response to your doing it. Starts to uncurl from his fetal position He’ll be able to move his hands and legs at one time He will move suddenly on sharp noises When close to you, he will be able to watch your face 他可以识别你的声音和气味。 他试图抬起头来,如果趴在肚子 伸出他的舌头在响应您这样做。 开始从他的胎位将其展平 他可以移动他的手和腿在同一时间 他会突然提出尖锐的噪音 当接近你,他就可以看你的脸 听到一些很大的声音,多数声音根本听不见 ;触觉原始,利用嗅觉判断母亲的位置 能够自由舞动四肢,但无法向前移动 能哭,但是呼吸系统发育不够好,不能发出不同的声音,只能用一种哭声表达所有的需要 一出生,就能抓握。能牢牢抓握,但没有自己松开的能力。 新生儿处于又盲又聋,触觉迟钝的世界中。 既不能动,又不能用手,而且无法发出不同的声音。

0-28天的婴儿称为新生儿(NEWBORN),具有独特的生理特点和对环境有着特殊的需求,一旦保健护理不当很容易发生疾病。新生儿做为一个特殊的阶段从婴儿时期分离出来,做为儿童保健的一个重点阶段。

生存的本能要求NEWBORN尽快地看见、听见、感觉到、挪动。唯一的问题是,我们大人是在帮助他去完成任务,还是妨碍他完成任务。

一旦把他腹部朝下放在平滑、暖和的平面上,那些看似随机的四肢运动就能够带动身体向前爬行。

设置一个环境,使婴儿练习发育过程中至关重要的腹爬和手膝爬。腹爬和手膝爬都对脑神经的发育起着极为重要的作用。

喂奶:晚上十一点时给母乳喂养的宝宝喝一瓶奶,他就能一直睡到凌晨四点才吃下一顿。 The Second Month

? He will smile for the first time.

Physical Development Milestones for Babies (0-1 year)

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? May turn head from side to side Watches movements of others Coos in response to you Shows excitement when he see you are near Opens and closes his mouth in imitation when you talk to your kid Can see things further away Make smoother movements

The Third Month

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? He will hold his head up without support for few seconds. He can lift his head and chest up when lying on his tummy. He can close and open his hands and play with fingers He is getting social and observing people around him. He can watch his hands Clasp a toy in his hand Swipes at toys Reaches out and grab a thing. Experiments with vowel sounds.

The Fourth Month

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? He can rollback on his tummy He can follow a person by moving his eyes. He can grasp objects Head control becomes steady Use hands to explore his own face and objects of interest Can recognize people closest to him and react differently to each one of them. The Fifth Month

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? Grabs his toes and puts them in mouth May cry to attract attention Start rolling over from front to back Reaches for toys he wants Raises his arms to be picked up. Turns his head away when he does not want any more food. Puts everything in his mouth

The Sixth Month

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He can raise his hands above his body Sits with proper support Begins finger feeding Babbles and laugh Changes tone of voice to express himself

Physical Development Milestones for Babies (0-1 year)

? Starts to chuckle

? Initiates interaction: understands he can get attention by making noise and banging objects.

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? Move objects from one hand to other He can recognize and smile at his mirror image Knows his parents Become anxious of strangers

The Eight Month

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? He can sit upright without support. Can stand for a short period Can creep. Recognize his name and may start saying simple words as mama, papa Develops understanding of language

The Ninth Month

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? He can crawl on his hands and knees Picks up objects Responds on being called by his name. Masters a pincer grip and is able to point to and pick up objects.

The Tenth Month

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? He understand ‘no’ and ‘bye-bye’. Develops a sense of humour. Can understand many words and start to imitate sound. Hits together two objects held in hand. Looks out for hidden things.

The Eleventh Month

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? Waves for good-bye May stand alone for a short period and take a few sreps. Imitate simple words. Can find simple objects easily.

The Twelth Month

? He can stand alone.

Physical Development Milestones for Babies (0-1 year) ?

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He can walk with support, may start walking on his own. May start self feeding with spoon. Copies others. Understands commands and requests.

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