不少家长对小儿腹泻不太了解，一看到孩子大便稀或次数增多就紧张。其实这大可不必。小儿腹泻临床多见以下几种类型，其症状也常见于此，爸妈们可以参考： 一是夏季常见的，多由进食生冷或不清洁食物造成的，表现以大便稀水样为主，其中夹有黏液，每日大便数次，甚至十余次，发病急；二是饮食不节制造成的，孩子 腹部胀满，大便质干、酸臭如坏鸡蛋，口干、小便黄少，口里有秽味；三是肠胃功能低下，一般病程长，大便时干时稀，夹有不消化物，少吃油腻或寒凉食物即可， 孩子食欲不振、消瘦。
Almost every mother encountered trouble baby diarrhea. Now during the winter, a slightly catch cold baby is easy to diarrhea, in order to let the baby peace through the winter, attentive mammy to diarrhoeal disease of prevention and care know more knowledge. Cause baby diarrhea the culprit of bacteria www.ajsdjj.com and viruses. In autumn and winter diarrhea in infants and young children, 40% ~ 70% patients are caused by a virus called rotavirus infection, 20% for other bacteria. Because the baby's age is small, low immune function of intestines and stomach, food or eating utensil in slightly contaminated with bacteria, it may cause the baby diarrhea; In addition, other diseases, such as a cold, fever, pneumonia and other complications can also cause diarrhea.
The principle of nursing baby diarrhea mainly include the following:
1, timely added body moisture
Diarrhea can present mild dehydration condition at the beginning, therefore, the key point of nursing is to replenish the baby body loss of moisture. Mommy can choose any of the following methods of rehydration a:
Since sugar brine. Add glucose, or sugar in 500 ml of boiling water 10 grams, in addition to salt 2-5 g. 20-40 ml/kg body weight according to the proportion of, taken at 4 hours. The rest of use at any time.
Salt, rice water. Rice water 500 ml to add salt 2 grams, let the baby when the boiled water to drink.
Salt, rice porridge. If the baby digestive function is good, my mother can feed the baby salt porridge.
Taking oral rehydration salts (ORS), new formula: 3.5 grams of sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, 2.5 g, potassium chloride 1.5 g, anhydrous glucose 20 grams, add water to 1000 ml. In the hospital pharmacy can also be open to oral rehydration salts, very convenient.
2, pay attention to diet
Once the baby diarrhea, some mommy will control diet, afraid of aggravating illness. Instead, diarrhea babies need www.makayikanggw.com more nutritious food, in case of diarrhea after malnutrition. Breast-fed babies can continue to breastfeed, artificial feeding can still give ordinary way of feeding, should eat what eat what, what also don't fall in. Need to mother, the baby at this time the function of intestines and stomach is still
recovering, therefore, should follow eat eat much food less, from less to more, from weak to strong principles.
3, be sure to keep warm
Seasonal variation, the high and low temperature and is easy to cause a cold, fever, diarrhea symptoms worse. Baby diarrhea during the mother should pay attention to the baby abdominal heat preservation, if the baby cold limbs, can use hot water bag to keep warm, but should pay attention to prevent burns.
4, avoid cross infection
Mommy note bedroom air circulation, home of patients with respiratory tract infections diarrhea babies don't contact, prevent cross infection.
5, keep the hip skin clean
During diarrhea, mommy will beware of diaper rash. Because the baby poop number increase, the skin around the anus and mucous membrane injury, every time after
defecate to rinse with warm water, then put some oil ointment. Baby want to timely change diapers, avoid waste urine impregnation of diapers and skin friction has burst. Prevent diaper rash and secondary infection.
Don't know a lot of parents of children with diarrhea, at the sight of the child loose stool or more nervous. It don't have to. Infantile diarrhea see more of the following several types, clinical symptoms are common in this, parents can reference: one is common in the
summer, many caused by eating cold or not clean food, performance is given priority to with loose stool water samples, including clip have mucus, stool several times per day, or even more than ten times, come on urgent; 2 it is caused by eating restraint, stomach, the children, good quality, and the dry stool, such as bad eggs, dry mouth, less urine yellow, any indecent taste in his mouth; Three is intestines and stomach function is low, the general course of long, when working when defecate rare, with needless to compound, eat less greasy or cold food, children, loss of appetite, emaciation.
You can try to do it:
1, let the child lie on your back to children navel as the center, clockwise with the right hand palm gently rubbing abdomen, 3 ~ 5 minutes to skin ruddy.
2, the thumb with the child's foot the three mile point. Where is the st 36 holes? Outside knees three inches, the equivalent of 4 horizontal (that you with his finger to quantity,
about the width of the 4 fingers), you can find it - when leg flexion song, you can see there are higher than that of a piece of skin knee joint lateral small bones, which is outside the knee eye, down from the position four horizontal refers to is almost full three mile. With foot the three mile point can regulate the function of gastric bowel.
3, let the children stomach, hypothenar right palm (palm inside and outside the reason of a group of muscles slightly uplift area, thumb side called "big" yu ji ", "the other side called" hypothenar ") wipe gently knead spine, apply a small amount of talcum powder, but don't chafed skin, skin warm for degrees.
4, with right hand gently rub the coccyx, pay attention to the strength should be gentle. 5, big "yu ji" with the right hand or palm rubbing plantar heart quickly, with micro hot advisable.
In addition, parents can give children the implementation of physical fitness massage method, such as can push the chest: let the baby lying down on the bed or sofa, parents with their right hand five fingers thread surface, since the chest to side ribs, abdomen, and gently push the chest, abdomen, the stomach can navel as the center of the circle clockwise, the chest, need 3 to 5 minutes, shoulds not be too strongly.