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护理腹泻宝宝的原则有哪些

发布时间:2014-01-08 15:55:25  

护理腹泻宝宝的原则有哪些

几乎每个妈妈都遭遇过宝宝腹泻的烦恼。现在正值冬季,稍一着凉宝宝很容易就腹泻,为了能让宝宝平安度过这个冬天,细心妈咪需要对腹泻病的防治和护理知识有更多的了解。

引起宝宝腹泻的罪魁祸首多半是细菌和病毒。在秋冬季腹泻的婴幼儿中,40%~70%小患者都是由一种名为轮状病毒感染所引起的,20%左右为其他细菌。由于宝宝年龄小,肠胃免疫功能较低,食物或食具中稍有污染带有细菌,就可能引起宝宝腹泻;另外,其他疾病如感冒、发烧、肺炎等也可能引起腹泻并发症。

护理腹泻宝宝的原则主要包括以下几点:

1、及时补充身体水分

腹泻一开始会呈现轻度脱水的状况,因此,护理的重点是先为宝宝补充身体丢失的水分。妈咪可以从以下的补液方法中任意挑选一种:

自制糖盐水。在500毫升的开水中加入葡萄糖或白糖10克,另外食盐2-5克。按20-40毫升/千克体重的比例,在4小时内服完。剩下的随时服用。

盐米汤。米汤500毫升加食盐2克,让宝宝当开水饮用。

盐稀饭。如果宝宝此时的消化功能尚好,妈妈可以喂给宝宝盐稀饭。

服用新配方的口服补液盐(ORS):氯化钠3.5克、碳酸氢钠2.5克、氯化钾1.5克、无水葡萄糖20克,加水至1000毫升。在医院药房也可以开到口服补液盐,服用很方便。

2、注重饮食调理

宝宝一旦腹泻,一些妈咪会控制饮食,生怕加重病情。其实恰恰相反,腹泻宝宝更需要营养丰富的食物,以防腹泻后营养不良。母乳喂养的宝宝可继续母乳喂养,人工喂养的仍可给予平常的喂养方式,“该吃什么就吃什么”,什么也不落下。需要妈妈注意的是,宝宝此时的肠胃功能尚处在恢复期,因此,进食应遵循少吃多餐、由少到多、由稀到浓的原则。

3、注意保暖

季节变化,气温忽高忽低,很容易引起感冒、发烧,加重腹泻症状。宝宝腹泻期间,妈妈要注意宝宝腹部保暖,如果宝宝四肢发凉,可以用热水袋保暖,但要注意防止烫伤。

4、避免交叉感染

妈咪注意居室空气流通,家有患呼吸道感染的病人不要接触腹泻宝宝,防止交叉感染。

5、保持臀部皮肤清洁

腹泻期间,妈咪还要提防尿布疹。因为宝宝便便次数增多,肛门周围皮肤及黏膜有损伤,每次大便后都要用温水冲洗,再涂些油脂类的药膏。婴儿要及时更换尿布,避免粪便尿液浸渍的尿布与皮肤摩擦而发生破溃。防止尿布疹及继发感染。

不少家长对小儿腹泻不太了解,一看到孩子大便稀或次数增多就紧张。其实这大可不必。小儿腹泻临床多见以下几种类型,其症状也常见于此,爸妈们可以参考: 一是夏季常见的,多由进食生冷或不清洁食物造成的,表现以大便稀水样为主,其中夹有黏液,每日大便数次,甚至十余次,发病急;二是饮食不节制造成的,孩子 腹部胀满,大便质干、酸臭如坏鸡蛋,口干、小便黄少,口里有秽味;三是肠胃功能低下,一般病程长,大便时干时稀,夹有不消化物,少吃油腻或寒凉食物即可, 孩子食欲不振、消瘦。

你可以尝试这样做:

1、让孩子仰卧,以孩子肚脐为圆心,顺时针用右手掌心轻柔摩腹3~5分钟,以皮肤红润为度。

2、拇指按揉孩子的足三里穴。足三里穴在哪里?外膝眼下三寸,相当于4横指(就是你用自己的手指来量,大约4根手指的宽度),你可以这样找它——当腿屈 曲时,你可以看到膝关节外侧有一块高出皮肤的小骨头,这就是外膝眼,从这个位置向下四横指处差不多就是足三里。按揉足三里穴有调节胃肠功能之效。

3、让孩子俯卧,右手掌小鱼际(手掌内、外侧缘由一组肌群构成稍隆起的部位,大拇指一侧称“大鱼际”,另一侧称“小鱼际”)轻轻擦揉脊柱,可涂少量爽身粉,但不要擦破皮肤,以皮肤温热为度。

4、用右手掌根轻揉尾椎骨,注意用力要轻柔。

5、用右手大鱼际或掌心快速擦足底心,以微烫为宜。

另外,家长还可给孩子实施强身健体推拿法,比如可以推摩胸腹:让宝宝平躺在床上或沙发上,家长用右手五指的螺纹面,自胸部→胁肋部→腹部,轻轻推摩胸部、腹部,摩腹时可以肚脐为圆心顺时针,摩胸腹共需3-5分钟,不宜过度用力。

Almost every mother encountered trouble baby diarrhea. Now during the winter, a slightly catch cold baby is easy to diarrhea, in order to let the baby peace through the winter, attentive mammy to diarrhoeal disease of prevention and care know more knowledge. Cause baby diarrhea the culprit of bacteria www.ajsdjj.com and viruses. In autumn and winter diarrhea in infants and young children, 40% ~ 70% patients are caused by a virus called rotavirus infection, 20% for other bacteria. Because the baby's age is small, low immune function of intestines and stomach, food or eating utensil in slightly contaminated with bacteria, it may cause the baby diarrhea; In addition, other diseases, such as a cold, fever, pneumonia and other complications can also cause diarrhea.

The principle of nursing baby diarrhea mainly include the following:

1, timely added body moisture

Diarrhea can present mild dehydration condition at the beginning, therefore, the key point of nursing is to replenish the baby body loss of moisture. Mommy can choose any of the following methods of rehydration a:

Since sugar brine. Add glucose, or sugar in 500 ml of boiling water 10 grams, in addition to salt 2-5 g. 20-40 ml/kg body weight according to the proportion of, taken at 4 hours. The rest of use at any time.

Salt, rice water. Rice water 500 ml to add salt 2 grams, let the baby when the boiled water to drink.

Salt, rice porridge. If the baby digestive function is good, my mother can feed the baby salt porridge.

Taking oral rehydration salts (ORS), new formula: 3.5 grams of sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, 2.5 g, potassium chloride 1.5 g, anhydrous glucose 20 grams, add water to 1000 ml. In the hospital pharmacy can also be open to oral rehydration salts, very convenient.

2, pay attention to diet

Once the baby diarrhea, some mommy will control diet, afraid of aggravating illness. Instead, diarrhea babies need www.makayikanggw.com more nutritious food, in case of diarrhea after malnutrition. Breast-fed babies can continue to breastfeed, artificial feeding can still give ordinary way of feeding, should eat what eat what, what also don't fall in. Need to mother, the baby at this time the function of intestines and stomach is still

recovering, therefore, should follow eat eat much food less, from less to more, from weak to strong principles.

3, be sure to keep warm

Seasonal variation, the high and low temperature and is easy to cause a cold, fever, diarrhea symptoms worse. Baby diarrhea during the mother should pay attention to the baby abdominal heat preservation, if the baby cold limbs, can use hot water bag to keep warm, but should pay attention to prevent burns.

4, avoid cross infection

Mommy note bedroom air circulation, home of patients with respiratory tract infections diarrhea babies don't contact, prevent cross infection.

5, keep the hip skin clean

During diarrhea, mommy will beware of diaper rash. Because the baby poop number increase, the skin around the anus and mucous membrane injury, every time after

defecate to rinse with warm water, then put some oil ointment. Baby want to timely change diapers, avoid waste urine impregnation of diapers and skin friction has burst. Prevent diaper rash and secondary infection.

Don't know a lot of parents of children with diarrhea, at the sight of the child loose stool or more nervous. It don't have to. Infantile diarrhea see more of the following several types, clinical symptoms are common in this, parents can reference: one is common in the

summer, many caused by eating cold or not clean food, performance is given priority to with loose stool water samples, including clip have mucus, stool several times per day, or even more than ten times, come on urgent; 2 it is caused by eating restraint, stomach, the children, good quality, and the dry stool, such as bad eggs, dry mouth, less urine yellow, any indecent taste in his mouth; Three is intestines and stomach function is low, the general course of long, when working when defecate rare, with needless to compound, eat less greasy or cold food, children, loss of appetite, emaciation.

You can try to do it:

1, let the child lie on your back to children navel as the center, clockwise with the right hand palm gently rubbing abdomen, 3 ~ 5 minutes to skin ruddy.

2, the thumb with the child's foot the three mile point. Where is the st 36 holes? Outside knees three inches, the equivalent of 4 horizontal (that you with his finger to quantity,

about the width of the 4 fingers), you can find it - when leg flexion song, you can see there are higher than that of a piece of skin knee joint lateral small bones, which is outside the knee eye, down from the position four horizontal refers to is almost full three mile. With foot the three mile point can regulate the function of gastric bowel.

3, let the children stomach, hypothenar right palm (palm inside and outside the reason of a group of muscles slightly uplift area, thumb side called "big" yu ji ", "the other side called" hypothenar ") wipe gently knead spine, apply a small amount of talcum powder, but don't chafed skin, skin warm for degrees.

4, with right hand gently rub the coccyx, pay attention to the strength should be gentle. 5, big "yu ji" with the right hand or palm rubbing plantar heart quickly, with micro hot advisable.

In addition, parents can give children the implementation of physical fitness massage method, such as can push the chest: let the baby lying down on the bed or sofa, parents with their right hand five fingers thread surface, since the chest to side ribs, abdomen, and gently push the chest, abdomen, the stomach can navel as the center of the circle clockwise, the chest, need 3 to 5 minutes, shoulds not be too strongly.

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