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宝宝感冒后出现中耳炎的几率大增

发布时间:2014-01-09 15:54:01  

宝宝感冒后出现中耳炎的几率大增

寒冷的冬季是小儿感冒的易发期,感冒会影响宝宝的睡眠饮食等,当然也会影响宝宝的健康。专家提醒,在护理感冒的患儿时,一定要注意观察小儿的听力,因为宝宝感冒后出现中耳炎的几率会大增。

有些家长会问:感冒和耳朵有什么关系,上呼吸道感染怎么会去耳朵“串门”呢?

医学研究虽然没有彻底查明儿童分泌性中耳炎的病因,但发现主要与咽鼓管功能障碍、感染和免疫反应等三大因素密切相关。其中,咽鼓管功能不良是主要原 因。在儿童中,腺样体肥大是引起咽鼓管阻塞或咽鼓管功能不良的最常见原因。此外,本病常继发于急性上呼吸道感染,极可能是中耳的一种轻型的或低毒性的细菌 感染。最后,由于中耳是独立的免疫防御系统,在儿童期尚未发育成熟,这也是儿童易患本病的重要原因之一。

那么家长应该怎样护理,防止宝宝出现中耳炎呢?

宝宝出现感冒症状时

如果宝宝已经患上了感冒,除了要及时吃药治疗,还要注意日常护理,避免引发中耳炎。

缓解鼻塞流鼻涕,保持呼吸顺畅

婴幼儿的咽鼓管尚未发育成熟,因此,鼻咽部细菌及分泌物容易经过此管进入中耳鼓室而引起中耳炎。当孩子鼻塞或者鼻涕流不止时,家长应注意改善和保持宝宝鼻腔和咽鼓管的畅通。对于小宝宝,可以用吸鼻器帮助吸除鼻腔中的黏液。睡觉时可以将婴儿床的床头垫高,大一些的宝宝可以用厚一点的枕头将头部垫高,这样能够很好地避免鼻腔内的黏液流到咽鼓管内。

擤鼻涕不要同时捏住两鼻孔

研究结果显示,咳嗽和打喷嚏不会使鼻膜黏液跑到鼻窦中,但是擤鼻涕却会使鼻膜黏液充满鼻窦,使得鼻窦变成病原菌滋生的温床。因此,感冒鼻分泌物较多 时,家长应教会宝宝先擤一侧鼻孔,再擤另一侧鼻孔,切勿同时捏住双侧鼻孔擤鼻涕,以防鼻涕和细菌经咽鼓管进入中耳。小儿模仿力很强,家长应注意自己擤鼻涕 的行为是否正确。

喂奶的姿势不正确,很容易使得奶流入咽鼓管内而引起中耳炎。

母乳喂养时要抱着喂

有的母亲白天工作劳累,夜间斜躺在床上喂奶,有时婴儿还在吃奶却睡着了,这时奶汁很容易顺着婴儿的脸流入外耳道内引起炎症。所以在喂奶时,应尽量抱起婴儿,同时还要防止因婴儿头部位置过低,喂完后轻拍婴儿背部2~5分钟。防止口中含有的剩余奶汁流入咽鼓管内。

人工哺养儿注意喂奶姿势

用奶瓶喂奶,不能让婴儿平躺仰卧,应该先把婴儿抱起来放在膝上,然后将其头部斜枕在自己的左臂上,再用右手拿着奶瓶喂奶。喂奶速度也不宜太快、太 猛,当婴儿哭闹时应暂时停喂奶,以免咳呛将牛奶喷入咽鼓管。尤其是3个月以内的婴儿,更要避免喂奶姿势不正确而导致的呛奶或者中耳炎。

避免长时间吸奶嘴

很多父母喜欢让宝宝含着奶嘴玩,这种小道具虽然能让宝宝保持安静,但其实也会大大增加宝宝感染中耳炎的危险。有研究发现,频繁的吸吮动作容易使病菌从鼻腔后端进入到咽鼓管,所以家长要注意,避免宝宝长时间含奶嘴哦!

巧用棉签

妈妈在给宝宝洗澡时,洗澡水总是很容易进入耳朵内,液体常在宝宝的中耳积聚。为宝宝洗澡后若发现其耳道口附近潮湿,可用耳用棉签轻微擦拭,勿深入。

另外可用吹风机(离耳道口约30公分,弱风)将耳朵吹干。将干净的毛巾沾湿后拧干,把毛巾一角卷在手指上,轻轻擦拭宝宝的外耳部位。如果用棉签清洁 耳部,千万不可将棉签深入宝宝的耳朵内部看不见的地方。棉花球的顶部小、底部大,可防止棉签深入宝宝的耳朵内部而不小心伤到耳膜。

避免耳朵进水

小儿洗头及游泳时尽量不要呛水,以防污水逆行呛入咽鼓管。要防止耳朵进水,还可以将宝宝耳朵由后到前按住贴紧脸部,就不易致耳朵进水。如进水可以使 用软棉棒,在头部把棉花撑呈蓬松状。轻轻插入耳朵旋转,但不要太深,前提是一定要固定好宝宝的头部不能动。还有带宝宝游泳的时间最好控制在1小时以内。

不要随便掏耳垢

很多妈妈见到宝宝耳朵里有一点耳垢,便觉得要帮宝宝掏耳朵了,以防耳垢越来越多;而有一些家长则喜欢用牙签或火柴梗给小儿掏耳屎,这是不恰当地做法。挖耳屎易将鼓膜戳破或是将耳道皮肤损伤,使外耳道细菌经过破损的鼓膜进入中耳引起炎症。

注意耳道异物

防止小儿将异物塞入外耳道,引起感染而波及中耳。

以上为大家介绍了小儿中耳炎的一些预防措施,希望给妈妈们带来指导意见。

Yi Faqi pediatric cold winter is cold, cold will influence the baby sleep diet, etc., of course also can affect the health of the baby. The expert reminds, in caring for the children with a

cold, must pay attention to observe children's hearing, because the baby after a cold to a huge increase in the risk of otitis media.

Some parents ask: what is the relationship between cold and ears, upper respiratory tract infection how can "visit" to my ears?

Medical research, although not completely find out the cause of pediatric secretory otitis media, but found that the main and eustachian tube dysfunction, infection and immune response to the three factors are closely www.zshtech.com related. Among them, the eustachian tube dysfunction is mainly the original cause. Adenoid hypertrophy in children is caused by eustachian tube obstruction or the most common cause of eustachian tube dysfunction. In addition, the disease often secondary to acute upper respiratory tract infection, is most likely the middle ear of a lightweight and low toxicity of bacterial

infections. Finally, because the middle ear is independent of immune defense system, in childhood is not yet mature, this also is one of the important reasons of children was susceptible to the disease.

So how do parents should care, to prevent the occurrence of otitis media baby? Babies are symptoms of a cold

If the baby has had a cold, in addition to take medicine treatment in time, but also pay attention to the daily care, to avoid causing otitis media.

Relieve congestion at the nose, and keep it breathe easier

Infant eustachian tube is not yet mature, therefore, easy to nasopharyngeal bacteria and secretion through the tube into the www.baigoo.net middle ear tympanic cavity caused by otitis media. When children nasal congestion or nose flow, parents should pay attention to improve and keep baby's nose and eustachian tube unblocked. Nasal absorption for baby, can use the help of gettering nasal mucus. When sleeping crib bed pad can be high, the larger the baby can use thicker padding the head pillow and it can effectively avoid nasal mucus flow into the eustachian tube.

Don't hold both nostrils blowing your nose

Results show that coughing and sneezing doesn't make the nose film mucus ran to the sinus, but it can make the nose film blowing your nose mucous filled with sinus, makes the sinuses become a hotbed of pathogenic bacteria breeding. As a result, more cold nasal secretions, parents should teach the baby first blow on one side of the nose, then blow another side nostrils, do not hold bilateral nostrils blowing your nose at the same time, in case of nose and bacteria by eustachian tube into the middle ear. Children imitate force is very strong, parents should pay attention to your nose behavior is correct.

Her position is not correct, it is easy to make the milk into the eustachian tube caused by otitis media.

Breastfeeding should hold when feeding

Some mothers work in the day tired, lay in bed at night, sometimes babies are eating milk was asleep, the milk is very easy to follow the baby face into cause inflammation in the external auditory canal. So when breast-feeding, should be picked up the baby as far as

possible, but also prevent because of the baby's head position is too low, after the fed patted the baby back 2 ~ 5 minutes. To prevent the mouth contains the rest of the milk into the eustachian tube.

Artificial feed, pay attention to nursing position

Bottle feeding, cannot let baby lie lie on your back, you should first put the baby and put it on his lap, and then their head inclined pillow on his left arm, and with his right hand holding a bottle feeding. Feeding speed also shoulds not be too fast, too fast, when

babies cry should temporarily stop feeding, so as to avoid choking cough milk spray into the eustachian tube. Especially within 3 months baby, more to avoid nursing position is not correct and cause choking milk or otitis media.

Avoid long time to suck the pacifier

Many parents like to let your baby play with a nipple, although the props can let the baby to keep quiet, but also can greatly increase the risk of babies infected with otitis media. One study found that frequent sucking action makes the germs from the backend into the eustachian tube, nasal cavity so parents should pay attention to, avoid a baby for a long time the pacifier!

Coincidence with cotton

Mother to bathe a baby in the bath is always very easy to enter inside the ear, fluid buildup is often in the middle ear. After bathing for the baby if found its ear crossing near damp, available ears with cotton slightly to wipe, not deep.

Also can use hair dryer (about 30 cm from ear crossing, weak wind blow dry the ear. After clean wet towel dry, rolled the towel in the corner of the fingers, and gently wipe the outer ear part of the baby. If cleaning ears with cotton, do not to swab into baby's inner ear out of sight. At the bottom of the cotton ball at the top of the small and big, can prevent the swab into baby's inner ear and accidentally hurt the eardrum.

Avoid ears into the water

Pediatric shampoo and try not to choke water when swimming, retrograde grates on the eustachian tube to prevent sewage. To prevent ears into the water, can also be baby ears to hold against the face before, after the easy ears into the water. Such as water can

make with a soft cotton swab, are fluffy cotton brace on the head. Insert ear gently rotate, but not too deep, the premise is must be fixed, the baby's head can't move. With the baby swimming time best control within 1 hour.

Don't cut it

There is a little wax in many mothers see their children's ears, feel to help baby to draw out ear, just in case it more and more; While some parents like to use a toothpick or match stick to pediatric tao wax, which is not properly. Dig er shi yi will tympanic membrane

puncture or ear skin damage, make the external auditory canal after breakage of tympanic membrane into the middle ear inflammation caused by bacteria.

Pay attention to the ear canal foreign body

To prevent children to foreign body into the external auditory canal, cause infection and spread to the middle ear.

More than children with otitis media were introduced for everybody. Some prevention measures, hope to bring guidance to mothers.

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