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孩子感冒了应该怎么处理

发布时间:2014-01-11 17:05:22  

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孩子感冒了应该怎么处理

我们这样处理感冒

感冒、发烧虽是常见的疾病和症状,不管你是新手妈妈,还是已经经历过几次这样的状况,还是会让不少父母手忙脚乱。

以下这些内容或许可以帮助你解决如何在家里正确地处理孩子因感冒发烧而引起的不适,并安全地给予非处方药以减轻发热、流鼻涕、咽喉痛和其他常见的感冒症状。

38是一个标志

儿科医生普遍认为,当体温超过38摄氏度时才是更具有意义的。同时符合下列条件时,请就医:

* 如果你的孩子小于12个月;

* 长时间的发烧并伴有其他症状;

* 正在蹒跚学步的孩子发烧超过两天;

* 年龄较大的孩子发烧超过3天或更多;

还有一些情况也需要考虑就医:

* 鼻腔里流出黄色或绿色的分泌物;

* 排出任何分泌物超过10天,或分泌物来自眼部;

* 出现呼吸困难;

* 表现得非常不舒服,拒绝饮食,发疹子;

* 服用非处方药超过三天,仍不见好转。

降温与脱水

用温水擦浴是非常有帮助的。请不要用冷水、冰或酒精来擦浴。孩子身上的衣服要轻薄,不要在他身上盖厚重的毯子。

在这期间,父母需要注意孩子是否有脱水的迹象,给予大量的流质,比如水、牛奶或电解质溶液以纠正脱水。如果婴幼儿出现排尿减少,口干舌燥或者没有胃口;大一点的孩子出现脱水现象,如排尿减少或没有好好地喝水,请立即就医。

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2 常用的儿童退热药物有布洛芬或对乙酰氨基酚,它们通常是安全的。不要给孩子服用阿司匹林,可能会有引起雷氏综合症(一种罕见的但严重的疾病,影响肝脏和大脑)的危险。

鼻塞、流涕与咳痰

鼻塞、流涕是因为鼻腔内的组织充血了,有痰液是因为气管里的组织充血,分泌出了液体。应用缓解充血的药物可以帮助鼻腔组织收缩保持鼻道通畅,利于痰液排出。

鼻部充血常用的给药方式有鼻腔喷雾或口服。吸入雾化气体可以帮助改善鼻塞,冷热均可。请不要给2岁以下的婴幼儿使用含有药物的蒸汽雾化气体。鼻腔喷雾的应用也不能多于两三天。

咳嗽化痰的药物可以帮助稀释粘液,便于咳出。另外,喝大量的水也可以帮助稀释痰液。止咳药不能够帮助解决痰液的问题,对于孩子来说,尽量不要使用止咳药。

凡士林油可以帮助缓解鼻子下方皮肤的不适。

咽喉痛

感冒引起的咽喉痛症状可能会持续四五天。

对于超过2岁的孩子来说,温热的茶(不含咖啡因)或水,并加入半茶匙的蜂蜜和柠檬可以帮助减轻咽喉痛和咳嗽。

对于5岁或更大的孩子,可以用冰糖或止咳糖来缓解咽喉部的疼痛。用温热的盐开水漱口也是很有帮助的。

有症状才服药

不要直接给予4岁以下的儿童任何感冒药或咳嗽药。一些研究显示,对于年幼的儿童来说,一些非处方药对感冒症状不能起到任何作用。它们更可能会导致其他一些潜在的危险性。

选择药物仅仅是为了针对孩子已经出现了的症状,不要给孩子服用处理他根本没有症状的药物。不要仅仅是因为咽喉症状就给予孩子服用感冒药物。

警惕重复给药

如果你决定给孩子服用两种或以上的药物,你必须确定这些药物的作用各有不同。例如,许多感冒药物包含对乙酰氨基酚,它和羟苯基乙酰胺是一样的。 同样,一个咳嗽药可以包含其他成分来处理症状。这些信息是非常容易被忽视的,所以在使用药物之前请一定要仔细阅读药物说明,不要给孩子造成重复给药。

服药前先算一算

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3 即是是使用非处方药物也需要根据有关指导,并且建立在孩子的年龄和体重上。仔细阅读包装上关于给药剂量的说明,看清单位和用量,正确地计算出孩 子正确的用药量。比如,孩子的体重应该是根据单位斤还是公斤来计算,对应的毫升数在量杯中应该如何正确读取等等。每个孩子,或者说,孩子的每一次给药剂量 都是不同的。

另外,用一个实际能够测量出药物剂量的工具来给孩子喂药,至少你可以知道孩子吃了,但是他没有全吃下去而已。

不要把非处方药物叫做“糖果”

儿童,尤其是年龄小的儿童,非常喜欢模仿成人的行为,所以,我们需要一些预防措施:避免在孩子面前服用自己的药物,不要把任何药物叫做“糖果”,不要用甜味的药物(比如维生素片剂)作为对孩子的奖赏。

用药Q&A

我应该叫醒孩子,起来服药吗?

对于感冒来说,休息是最好的处理方法。所以,让他睡吧。如果孩子因为睡觉而错过了一次服用的时间,不用担心,等他醒来以后再吃就可以了。

如果孩子把药物吐出来了,我还要再给一份吗?

不需要。如果孩子刚吃进去的药随着呕吐物或者痰液一起排出了体外,你一定会担心他没有服用足量的药物,会影响疾病的康复,想要再给他补充一点。 但是,问题在于,你不能确定到底多少药物已经被孩子吸收了,如果再给予另外一份完整的药物那就等于过量给药了。如果遇到这种情况,请咨询小儿科医生。如果 孩子讨厌药物的味道,你可以将其混入他喜欢的食物或是饮料里。

在没有任何药物的情况下,可以给孩子服用一半剂量的成人药吗?

不要给予孩子任何一种成人药物。也许它会有用,这仅仅是你的猜想,这些药物对孩子来说是完全不同的。你需要购买包装上注明给儿童服用或儿科用药字样的药物。

So we deal with a cold

A cold, fever is a common disease and symptoms, no matter you are a novice mom, or has experienced a few times this situation, or will make a lot of parents.

The following content may help you www.cdsycg.com to solve how to correctly deal with children at home the discomfort caused by a cold have a fever, and give an

over-the-counter drugs safely to reduce fever, runny nose, sore throat, and other common cold symptoms.

38 is a sign

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4 Pediatrician is generally believed that when temperature more than 38 degrees Celsius is more meaningful. Meet the following conditions at the same time, please go to a doctor: * if your child is less than 12 months;

* long fever accompanied www.jnhshr.com by other symptoms;

* are toddler fever for more than two days;

* older children have a fever more than 3 days or more;

There are some cases also need to consider seeing a doctor:

* outflow yellow or green in the nasal secretions;

* any discharge from more than 10 days, or discharge from the eye;

* have difficulty breathing;

* was very uncomfortable, refused to diet, hair rash;

* taking over-the-counter drugs more than three days, still no improvement.

Cool and dehydration

Use warm water to clean the bath very helpful. Please don't use cold water, ice, or alcohol to wipe bath. Children's clothes to thin, not thick blanket on him.

During this period, parents need to pay attention to whether there are signs of dehydration, give plenty of fluids, such as water, milk or electrolyte solution to correct dehydration. If the infant urine decreased, thirsty or no appetite; Older children appear dehydration phenomenon, such as urine to reduce or fail to drink water, please go to a doctor immediately.

Commonly used children fever drugs ibuprofen or acetaminophen, they are usually safe. Don't give them aspirin, there may be cause reye's syndrome, a rare but serious illness, affect liver and brain).

Stuffy nose, runny nose and cough phlegm

Stuffy nose, runny nose because tissue inside the nasal cavity are congested, because the tissues in the trachea sputum, secrete a liquid. Use ease congestion drugs can help keep nasal passages open nasal tissue contraction, conducive to discharge sputum. Nasal congestion commonly used dosing methods are oral or nasal spray. Inhale

atomized gas can help improve the nasal congestion, hot and cold. Please don't give 2 infants and young children under the age of steam atomizing gas containing drugs. The application of the nasal spray can't more than two or three days.

Cough expectorant drugs help dilute mucus, easy to produce. In addition, drink plenty of water can also help dilute sputum. Cough medicines are not able to help solve the problems of the sputum, for a child, try not to use some cough medicine.

Petrolatum can help relieve the nose below the discomfort of the skin.

A sore throat

A cold sore throat symptoms may be caused by the last four or five days.

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5 For more than 2 years old children, warm tea (including caffeine) or water, and add half a teaspoon of honey and lemon can help ease a sore throat and cough.

For the age of five or more children, can use sugar or lozenges to relieve pain in the throat. With warm salt water gargle is also helpful.

Symptomatic medication

Do not give children under the age of 4 directly any cold or cough medicine. Some studies have shown that, for young children, some over-the-counter cold symptoms cannot have any effect. They are more likely to lead to some other potential dangers.

Just to select drugs for children has appeared the symptoms, not to take their children to deal with he had no symptoms of drugs. Not only because the throat symptoms and give the child a cold medications.

Alert to repeat

If you decide to give the child of two or more drugs, you have to determine the effect of these drugs have different. For example, many cold medicines containing acetaminophen, it is the same and tylenol. Similarly, a cough medicine can contain other ingredients to deal with the symptoms. This information is very easy to be ignored, so be sure to read carefully before using drugs drugs that don't cause children repeat dosing.

To figure out first before taking the medicine

Is the use of non-prescription drugs is also need according to the relevant guidance, and build on the child's age and weight. Read about drug dosage instructions on the package, see units and dosage, correctly calculate the children the right dose. For example, the child's weight should be according to the unit jins or kilograms to calculate, the

corresponding number of ml in the measuring cup should be how to read correctly, and so on. Each child, or children every drug dosage is different.

In addition, with a practical to measure the doses of tools to feed medicine to the child, at least you can know the child ate, but he didn't eat all.

Don't put the over-the-counter drugs called "candy"

Children, especially younger children, very like to imitate adult behavior, so we need some precautions: avoid in front of the children take their drugs, don't take any drugs called "candy", do not use sweet drugs (such as vitamin tablets) as a reward to the child. Drug use Q&A

I should wake up the child, take medicine?

For a cold, rest is the best way to handle it. So, let him sleep. If a child because sleep and missed a taking time, don't worry, when he woke up it is ok to eat later.

If the children vomit drugs, I also want to give a?

Don't need. If a child has just in medicine with vomit or sputum discharge in vitro, you

would not worry about him plenty of drugs, will affect the rehabilitation of the disease want to add to him again. However, the problem is that you are not sure how much drug is absorbed by the children, if we give a complete other drugs that is equal to the excess 5

6 dosage. If you encounter this kind of situation, please consult a pediatrician. If the children didn't like the taste of drugs, you can be mixed with his favorite food or drink.

In the absence of any drugs, can give the child take half dose of adult medicine?

Don't give a child any kind of adult drugs. Maybe it will be useful, this is just your guess, these drugs for children is completely different. You need to purchase packaging marked on wording or pediatric drug use of drugs to children.

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