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2014年中考英语选择题技巧与讲解

发布时间:2014-05-06 08:06:35  

2014年中考英语选择题技巧与讲解

【技巧1】直接法

结合题干中的已有信息, 直接利用相关语言知识得出正确答案。

(2013·福州中考)—What’s in the box? —There is

A. A B. an C. the

【解析】选B。考查冠词用法。直接根据“不定冠词有两个, a和an。a+辅音音素开头的单词前面; an+元音音素开头的单词”的规则确定答案。

【技巧2】关键词法

在题干中找到对于快速而准确判断答案至关重要的词, 从而找到解答此题的突破口。

(2013·杭州中考)It’s muchto have a small lovely room than a big cold one.

A. Good B. well C. better D. best

【解析】选C。考查比较级。题干中的much是关键词, 其后只能跟形容词或副词比较级。

【技巧3】前后照应法

两个以上句子或对话形式命题的题目, 可联系上下文, 把握隐含信息, 准确找出答案。

(2013·舟山中考)—Your son is much

—Yes. The jeans he wore last year are already too short for him.

A. thin B. thinner C. tall D. taller

【解析】选D。考查比较级。一方面, 由much可知选比较级形式; 另一方面, 由答语的后一句中“are already too short”可知首句是说“你儿子现在高多了”, 故选D。

【技巧4】排除法

根据题干提供的信息, 先排除干扰项, 缩小选择范围, 然后再验证其他选项。

(2012·衢州中考)—Ssh, be quiet! The baby —Oh, sorry.

A. sleeps B. slept C. is sleeping D. was sleeping

【解析】选C。考查时态。句意: ——保持安静! 孩子正在隔壁房间睡觉。——噢, 对不起。表示现在正在进行的动作用现在进行时。故选C。

【技巧5】语法分析法

单项选择题有一些常考的语法项目, 如时态、语态、非谓语动词、主谓一致等。做题时结合语境, 运用语法分析法会使很多难题迎刃而解。

(2012·南宁中考)A woman with two childrenalong the street at the moment.

A. is walking B. are walking C. walk D. walks

【解析】选A。考查主谓一致。句子的主语是a woman, 谓语动词用单数, 结合at the moment“此刻”, 句子要用现在进行时, 故选A。

【技巧6】交际法

运用初中新课标要求的30个交际用语, 联系上下文直接解题。

(2013·潍坊中考)—I’ll go to France for a holiday next month. —Great!

A. Good luck B. Best wishes C. Glad to see you again D. Have a good time

【解析】选D。考查情景交际。对别人去旅行, 常用have a good time“玩得开心”, 表示祝福。

【技巧7】熟记固定句式(搭配)

(2012·东营中考)excellent basketball player Jeremy Lin(林书豪)is! I really love this talented guy.

A. How B. What C. How a D. What an

【解析】选D。考查感叹句。感叹句的结构为: What+a/an+adj. +名词+主语+谓语! ; How+adj. /adv. +主语+谓语! excellent basketball player是可数名词短语, 又因为excellent是以元音音素开头的单词, 要用不定冠词an, 故选D。

考点一 词语辨析

该题型将重点考查具体语境下的词语、用法辨析, 尤其是词性相同、拼写(搭配)形式相似以及翻译成 1

中文后字面意思相近的词(短语)。该题型考查的范围越来越广泛, 包括名词、代词、动词、动词词组、形容词、副词、介词、连词以及固定短语等。

①(2013·杭州中考)Hangzhou is to hundreds of foreign friends who are working and studying here.

A. home B. house C. family D. room

【解析】选A。考查名词辨析。句意: 杭州是成百上千在这里工作和学习的外国朋友的家园。home“家园, 故乡”; house“家”, 强调居住的房屋; family“家庭”, 可以强调整体也能说明家庭成员; room“房间, 空间”。②(2013·济南中考)—Who helped you clean the classroom yesterday? — I did it all by myself.

A. Someone B. Anyone C. Nobody D. Everybody

【解析】选C。考查不定代词辨析。问句提问“昨天谁帮你打扫教室了? ”根据答语第二句“我自己打扫的。”判断选用Nobody表示“没有人”。

③(2012·泰州中考)Cross the road carefully, you’ll keep yourself safe.

A. so B. or C. but D. and

【解析】选D。考查连词辨析。so“因此”, 表因果关系; or“否则”, 表否定转折; but“但是”, 表转折; and“那么、就”, 用于表示并列、顺承关系。句意: 小心穿越马路, 就能保证安全。故选D。

考点二 固定搭配

该题型将重点考查不定式、动名词作宾语(宾语补足语), 同一个实义动词与不同介词或副词搭配(不同实义动词与同一介词或副词的搭配)的用法辨析、名词短语中冠词的有无以及其他一些习惯用法等。 ①(2013·宁波中考)Scientists are trying their best to ______ ways to treat the terrible disease called H7N9.

A. come up with B. look forward to C. talk about D. give up

【解析】选A。考查动词短语。come up with“想出”; look forward to“盼望”; talk about“谈论”; give up“放弃”。由句意“科学家正在尽最大努力想出治疗被称为H7N9的严重疾病的方法”可知选A。

②(2013·衢州中考)Many children are left alone in the countryside. Let’s try our best them.

A. help B. helping C. to help D. helps

【解析】选C。考查固定短语。try one’s best to do sth. “尽某人最大努力做某事”。

③(2012·阜康中考)My school is different theirs. It has many after-school clubs.

A. in B. by C. of D. from

【解析】选D。考查固定搭配。be different from为固定短语, 意为“与……不同”。故选D。

考点三 时态及语态

对于时态及语态的考查, 近几年中考考查最多的是现在完成时、现在进行时、过去进行时、一般过去时、一般将来时和一般现在时。其中, have/has been to和have/has gone to的区别以及含有条件(时间)状语从句的复合句的时态更是考查热点; 被动语态重点考查一般现在时和一般过去时的被动语态以及含有情态动词的被动语态。

①(2013·聊城中考)It was reported that nine Chinese people _______ in a balloon crash(坠毁)in Egypt on February 26, 2013. A. are killed B. were killed C. will kill D. have killed

【解析】选B。考查动词时态、语态。句意: 据报道九个中国人于2013年2月26日在埃及由于热气球坠落而身亡。A选项是一般现在时的被动语态; B选项是一般过去时的被动语态; C选项是一般将来时的主动语态; D选项是现在完成时的主动语态

②(2013·台州中考)—Sam. Let’s go and play basketball. —Not now. I Dick with his English.

A. help B. helped C. am helping D. have helped

【解析】选C。考查动词时态。由“Not now. ”可知用现在进行时。故选C。

③(2012·孝感中考)—Could you help me do the dishes? —Sorry, my sister for me outside now.

A. waits B. will wait C. is waiting D. was waiting

【解析】选C。考查动词时态。根据时间状语now可知要用现在进行时态。故选C。

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考点四 固定句式

对于固定句式的考查, 近几年热点主要集中在there be结构、(以so/neither开头的)倒装句、反意疑问句、(what/how引导的)感叹句、形式主语以及形式宾语等方面。

①(2013·东营中考)—There so many foreigners in the streets these days.

—They might be runners in the Yellow River Estuary(入海口, 河口)International Marathon.

A. is B. are C. have D. will be

【解析】选B。考查there be句型。在there be句型中, be动词的选择依据其后的名词, foreigners为复数②(2012·永州中考)get off the bus before it stops. A. Don’t B. Doesn’t C. Didn’t

【解析】选A。考查祈使句。句意: 在公共汽车停下来之前不要下车。祈使句的否定形式用don’t, 故选A。 ③(2012·扬州中考)—It’s said that a foreign English teacher will teach us English next term.

—Wow! ! We can practice our oral English better.

A. What an excited news B. How excited the news is C. What exciting news D. How exciting news

【解析】选C。考查感叹句。感叹句的结构为: What+ a/ an+adj. +可数名词单数+主语+谓语! ; What +不可数名词或者可数名词的复数形式+主语+谓语+其他! How+adj. +主语+谓语! 而news是不可数名词

考点五 复合句

对于复合句的考查, 将重点考查宾语从句、状语从句和定语从句。其中宾语从句的引导词、语序和时态; 状语从句的引导词、时态以及定语从句的关系词的选择等问题将会是中考的热点。

【真题链接】

①(2013·德州中考)Yesterday Li Ming went to the village ______ his family lived ten years ago.

A. when B. which C. where D. that

【解析】选C。考查定语从句用法区别。句意: 昨天李明去了他全家人十年前住过的村庄。先行词是表示地点的village, 所以首先排除表示时间的A选项, 选项B应该用in which, 选项D应在原句lived后加in. ②(2013·连云港中考)I won’t watch basketball matches ______ James is playing. He pays much attention to teamwork. A. unless B. if C. although D. since

【解析】选A。考查状语从句。not. . . unless. . . 除非……否则……。if表示条件, although表示让步, since表示时间。句意: 除非詹姆斯打球, 否则我是不看篮球比赛的。詹姆斯很注重团队合作。

③(2013·淄博中考)—Could you tell me for class this morning?

—I am sorry, Mrs. Lin. I got up so late that I couldn’t catch the first bus.

A. why were you late B. why you are late C. why are you late D. why you were late

【解析】选D。考查宾语从句。宾语从句应用陈述语序, 排除A、C两项, 由时间状语this morning可知应用一般过去时

③(2013·淄博中考)—Could you tell me for class this morning?

—I am sorry, Mrs. Lin. I got up so late that I couldn’t catch the first bus.

A. why were you late B. why you are late C. why are you late D. why you were late

【解析】选D。考查宾语从句。宾语从句应用陈述语序, 排除A、C两项, 由时间状语this morning可知应用一般过去时

考点六 情景交际

此题型考查学生在具体的语言环境中灵活运用语言进行交流、表达观点的能力, 不但考查语法, 而且重在考查语言文化。

近几年经常考查的内容有打电话、看病、问路、天气、购物、就餐、约会、问候、介绍、请求、邀请、长相、职业、感谢、祝愿、赞美、道歉与安慰、赞成与反对等。

①—Sir, could you please put out your cigarette? This is a smoke-free(无烟的)school. —

A. I’m sorry about this. B. No problem. C. Sure, I’d love to. D. Never mind.

【解析】选A。考查情景交际。句意: ——先生, 请把烟熄灭好吗? 这是无烟学校。——对此我很抱歉。选 3

项B表示“没问题”; 选项C一般用来回答Would you like to. . . 提出的建议; 选项D意为“不要紧”②(2013·聊

城中考)—I will go to the countryside to see my grandmother this afternoon, so I can’t go swimming with you. —A. It’s my pleasure. B. You are welcome. C. That’s a pity. D. Sure, I am.

【解析】选C。考查情景交际。句意: —今天下午我要去郊区看看我的奶奶, 所以我不能和你去游泳—真遗憾。It’s my pleasure“不用客气”; You are welcome“别客气, 不用谢”; That’s a pity“真遗憾”; Sure, I am“行呀”。 ③(2013·连云港中考)—A homeless man won a lottery ticket. He became rich over night. — .

A. Better safe than sorry B. The early bird catches the worm

C. Every dog has its day D. Too many cooks spoil the broth

【解析】选C。考查情景交际。根据语境可知, 无家可归的人因为中了彩票而一夜暴富, 正是三十年河东, 三十年河西。故选C。

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