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2014江苏南京中考英语试题及答案

发布时间:2014-07-04 11:44:47  

江苏省南京市2014年中考试题

一、单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

1. – Excuse me, may I use your bicycle? ______ is broken.

-- Certainly. But remember to return it before lunch.

A. I B. Me C. Myself D. Mine

2. Nanjing Lishui Strawberry Festival opened ______ March in Fujiabian Modern Agricultural Park this year.

A. on B. at C. in D. to

3. -- _______ are you going to the School Uniform Exhibition, Amy ?

-- To learn about different styles of school uniform.

A. What B. Where C. Why D. Which

4. I was looking for a birthday gift for my mother, but I couldn’t find ______ suitable.

A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything

5. – Simon, what do I need to take for the hiking?

--You’d better ________ more water than usual. It’s hot today.

A. to take B. take C. taking D. took

6. -- ____ brave Zhang Hua is! --Yes. He helped his neighbour, Mrs. Sun out of the fire.

A. What a B. How C. .How a D.What

7. ______ Lin Feng has to work late, she always wears a smile on her face.

A. Because B. If C. Until D. Though

8. – Lily, why are you still here? School is over for half an hour.

-- Because I ______ my task yet. I still need one more hour.

A. won’t finish B. didn’t finish C. haven’t finished D. hadn’t finished

9. --- Yesterday Tommy walked past my table and ______ my bowls and dishes.

--- He should be careful next time.

A. knocked off B. took off C. showed off D. turned off

10. – David, could you tell me _________? -- Every four years.

A. when the 2014 World Cup will finish B. how often the World Cup takes place

C. how many teams take part in the World Cup D. who may score the most goals in the World Cup

11. – Do you enjoy Han Lei’s songs?

-- Yes. He is the winner of I’m Singer II. I can’t think of anyone with a ______ voice.

A. better B. best C. more D. most

12. We all know that learning a foreign language _______ time and effort.

A. requires B. reduces C. removes D. repeats

13. We’re sure that the environment in our city ______ greatly through our work in the near future.

A. improved B. was improved C. has improved D. will be improved

14. –The documentary A Bite Of China II is quite popular around China recently. How do you like it? -- ______.

A. I think so B. Pretty good C. It’s my pleasure D. All right

15. – We can invite our teachers to the farewell party next Saturday.

-- Yes, ______? I’ll call them at once.

A. what for B. what C. why not D. why

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二、完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

Natural resources are things that we use that come from Earth. Out natural resources are limited(有限的). This means that they will not forever. Some are renewable, like when you plant a new tree when you one down. Others are not renewable, like when you dig coal(煤)out of the . Once it is used, it is gone.

People realize the that Earth’s natural resources are limited, and can do things to help Conserve(节约)those resources. you try to conserve a natural resource, you try to use less of it, so it does not get used up so by riding a bicycle or walking when the is short instead of driving everywhere.

Water is a very important natural resource because we all need it to stay . We can

conserve water making sure that our pipes and taps do not leak(漏). We can also make choices to conserve water, like only using the dishwasher or washing machine when they are full. Everyone can make contributions to protecting natural resources.

16. A. last B. spread C. burn D. change

17. A. turn B. cut C. put D. move

18. A. station B. building C. ground D. brick

19. A. news B. plan C. decision D. fact

20. A. When B. Although C. Whatever D. Whether

21. A. slowly B. hard C. regularly D. fast

22. A. money B. space C. place D. distance

23. A. alive B. alone C. asleep D. awake

24. A. about B. for C. by D. with

25. A. generous B. funny C. wise D. surprising

三、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

A

SAN FRANCISCO CITY HALL TOUR

MONDAY----- FRIDAY

10:00a.m, 12:00 noon, 2:00p.m

All tours are 45 minutes to one hour

All tours sign in at

City Hall Decent Tour Kiosk

Located on the Main Floor

PEASE CALL AHEAD(预先) Dr Carton B Goodlett Place

To schedule(安排) tours for schools San Francisco. CA 94102

and groups of 8 or more City Hall TTY (415) 554-7491

(415) 554-6139 www.sfgov.org/cityhall

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26. When will you leave if you enter San Francisco City Hall at 10:oo a.m. on weekdays?

A. Around 2:00 p.m. B. Around 11:45 a.m.

C. Not later than 11:00 a.m. D. Not earlier than 12:00.

27. What must you do before you visit San Francisco City Hall in a group of 10?

A. Call (415) 554-6139 ahead B. visit www.sfgov.org/cityhall

C. Come at any time at the weekend. D. Enter the City Hall only at 12:00 noon.

B

What opinions did experts have about movements and transportation throughout history? Take a look.

28. Which of the following experts was a science fiction writer?

A. Lord Kelvin B. Lee Deforest C. Leonardo da Vinci D. Jules, Verne

29. Leonardo da Vinci’s opinion was that _________.

A. airplanes would never fly

B. no person would ever reach the moon

C. people would fly in a machine with an overhead propeller

D. people would be able to travel under water in airtight ships

30. How many experts’ opinion proved right according to the passage?

A. One B. Two C. Three D. Four

C More than anything else in the world, Lion liked being King of the jungle. He walked around, showing off his power and pride.

Each day Lion took a long lazy sleep under the shade of his favourite tree. He always dreamed of weaker animals bowing(鞠躬) before him.

One day Mouse ran through the jungle and tripped over Lion’s huge paws. Lion woke up with a start.

“How 3

dare you wake me up! ” he shouted angrily. Lion grabbed Mouse with one paw. “On the second thought, I’m in the mood for the snack, and you’ll make a delicious meal.”, he said. Mouse cried out, “King Lion, please spare(饶恕)me! If you let me live, I’ll always remember your kindness. And, some day, I might be able to help you.” “ How could such a powerless little mouse ever help me?” That thought made Lion laugh so much that he decided to let Mouse go. A week later, Lion was walking through the jungle on the way to his favourite tree when he stepped onto a hunter’s net. The net scooped him up. No matter how he twisted and turned, he couldn’t escape. When Mouse heard Lion’s frightened shouts, he raced to help. Mouse quickly chewed(咬)through the ropes to make a hole in the net. Soon, Lion moved out and was free. Lion looked down at the little mouse. “Thank you for saving my life,” said Lion, smiling his widest smile. “I was mistaken. You are not a powerless little mouse. You are a great friend!”

31. What did Lion do each day?

A. He stepped onto a hunter’s net. B. He bowed before weaker animals.

C. He showed kindness to animals in the jungle. D. He had a good sleep under his favourite tree.

32. How did Mouse wake up Lion?

A. He made a hole in the net. B. He shouted at Lion angrily.

C. He tripped over Lion’s paws. D. He prepared a delicious meal for Lion.

33. Why did Lion let Mouse go?

A. Because he was trapped in the net. B. Because he took Mouse as his good friend.

C. Because he believed Mouse could save him. D. Because he doubted if Mouse could be of any help.

34. What do you think of Mouse?

A. Clever and honest. B. Silly and lazy

C. Humorous and stubborn D. Proud and selfish.

35. What can we learn from the passage?

A. Pride makes you lose what you have. B. Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.

C. Even the small can show great strength. D. When the cat’s away, the mice will play.

D

Mike Myers is a teacher at Chauncey Rose High School in Terre Haute, Indiana. Last year, he taught his students about the world’s rain forests. They learned that rain forests are important because the plants and animals of the rain forest give us food, wood, and medicine.

Destruction of the world’s rain forests is a serious problem. Unluckily, rain forests are disappearing at a rate of 80 acres per minute! As part of a class project, Myers’ students bought three acres of rain forest in Central America. They paid $25 per acre. The students hope that the land they bought will be protected and not destroyed. The students became so interested in rain forests that they decided to get a closer look at a real rain forest.

So last June, Myers and four of his students took a boat ride down a river. They saw alligators and crocodiles. In the middle of the week, a guide took Myers and his students into the rain forest. “The monkeys were not happy that we were in their forest. They broke small branches off the trees and threw them at e us,” one of the students said, “It was a great learning experience for all of us,” said Myers.

Each student chose something specific about Costa Rica to study involving the plants, animals, food, and culture. During the last few days the group had time to do fun activities. They went whitewater rafting and horseback riding, and visited Costa Rica’s active volcano.

Myers hopes to make the trip every year with a different group of kids.

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36. How much did Myers’ students pay for the rain forest they bought?

A. $25 B. $75 C. $80 D. $2000

37. What did Myers and his students do at the beginning of the trip?

A. They went into the rain forest. B. They bought acres of rain forest.

C. They took a boat ride down a river. D. They visited Costa Rica’s active volcano.

38. The word “Destruction” in paragraph 2 probably means “the process of being ______.”

A. destroyed B. developed C. described D. discovered.

39. When the monkeys saw Myers and his students, they ___________.

A. felt excited B. felt angry C. jumped off the trees D. left the rain forest

40. The passage mainly shows that Myers and his students __________.

A. did something to protect rain forest B. wanted to buy the rain forest in Costa Rica

C. were interested in the culture of Costa Rica D. went to the rain forest for various fun activities

非选择题 (共50分)

四、填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

A) 根据括号中所给的汉语写出单词,使句子意思完整正确。

(很少) has sweet snacks.

42. Stephen was (忙碌的) with the report on giant pandas last week.

43. People aren’t allowed to eat food on the underground in Nanjing from the next (月).

the national flag in the playground this Monday.

45. Jiangnan Examination Office in Confucius Temple attracted of tourists on China Tourist Day this year.

B). 根据句子意思,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空,

46. The twin brothers always keep (argue) about what TV programmes to watch.

47. It’s easy for local people (choose) various goods in Sunnyside Shopping Mall.

48. Students in some junior schools can (learn) to play tennis or baseball in PE lessons.

49. The Bruce family had to give up camping in the Purple Mountain on such a 50. Many students are (happy) with too much homework. They need more time for their hobbies.

A: You’ve been to Australia, haven’t you?

B: Yea, I have. I was working in Australia for a year and I traveled the country.

A: What kind of work were you doing?

B; I was teaching Chinese things – Kung Fu and paper cut in a school.

A: Did you see kangaroos?

B: Yes. One weekend, I was driving in the countryside. I saw a kangaroo jumping right to

my car! When I stopped the car, it stopped jumping and front.

A: What was the best place you visited in Australia?

B: Uluru! It is a red mountain in the desert. It’s very special for Australians.

A: Did you miss your family you were in Australia?

B; Yes, I missed them, but I never forget the experience in Australia!

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五、 阅读填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

A) 阅读下面短文,根据所读内容,在文章后第56-65小题大空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意:每个空格只填1个单词。 ....

MaymeClayton collected books, magazines and letters written by African Americans. Her son, Avery Clayton, thought her collection was important. Unlike most books, these were rare and hard to find. They were written by writers who helped shape African American culture.

One book in the collection was written by Phillis Wheatley. Wheatley was a slave who wrote poetry. She was the first African American to publish (出版) a book. Wheatley herself signed (签名) the book in the Claytons’ collection. No one else owns a copy signed by Phillis Wheatley.

By the time she passed away at age 83, Mrs. Clayton had more than 30,000 books by or about black people. Her collection also includes papers about slaves, photographs, movies, sheet music, and personal letters by black leaders and artists. It is one of the biggest personal collections of African American history and culture in the United States.

Avery Clayton’s dream was to create a museum for his mother’s treasures. Scholars say that Mrs. Clayton’s collection is very important. Without her work, part of African American heritage (遗产) would have been lost. “We didn’t know these things existed,” says Sara Hadron of California’s Huntington Library.

The collections new home is likely to be in Culver City, California. Part of Avery Clayton’s dream is to share the cultural riches his mother collected with others. He especially wants kids to have a chance to see the collection. “ At present African American culture is being explained by pop culture,” he says, “ It’s important to offer a more

B) 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为66-75的相应位置上. In the 1930s, Dan West was farming in Spain.

It was wartime, and people were starving (挨饿hit him

as he handed out cups of milk to children. “These children don’t

need a cup. They need a cow.” This was the b of Heifer

International.

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Heifer International gives different of gifts. Its gifts might say “quack” or “moo”. Dan West asked friends in the United States to give gifts of heifers(小母牛), or young cows. given animals to four million families. It gives people the chance to f themselves.

Heifers International wants the people they help to help others. For one project, the group

chickens to some children in Asia. The children yearned for(向往) the day when they could help others. so they would produce new eggs and healthy chicks. good care of them, and they gave birth to strong, healthy chicks. Julie then passed on the gift of chicks to other families.

their days in a schoolhouse instead of working in the fields. They can use the money they earn from their animals to pay for school. Heifer International has made a

六、书面表达(满分15分)

请根据该广告内容,用英语写一封电子邮件,询问与该班相关的具体信息,邮件内容应包括:

1. 培训班的起止时间以及周末是否上课; 2.参观机器人公司的具体安排

3.你还想了解到该培训班其他信息。

注意:

1. 文中不得出现你的真实姓名和学校名称;2.语言通顺,意思连贯,条理清楚,书写规范;

3.词数:80左右,邮件的开头与结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Sir/ Madam

I’m writing to ask for information about the robot course for beginners at Starlight School.

Thank you for your time and I look forward to hearing from you soon.

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江苏省南京市2014年中考试题

英语参考答案及评分标准

说明:本评分标准每题给出了一个或几个答案供参考,如果考生的答案与本答案不同,参照本评分标准的精神给分。

一、 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

1-5 DCCBB 6-10 BDCAB 11-15 AADBC

二、完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 16-20 ABCDA 21-25 DDACC

三、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

26-30 CADBB 31-35 DCDAC 36-40 BCABA

四、填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

A)根据括号中所给的汉语写出单词,使句子意思完整正确\

41. seldom 42. busy 43. month 44. raised 45. thousands

B) 根据句子意思,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空

46. arguing 47. to choose 48. learn 49. foggy 50. unhappy

C) 根据对话内容,从下面方框中选择适当的单词或短语填空

51. all over 52. traditional 53. looked at 54. place 55. while

五、阅读填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

A)阅读下面短文,根据所读内容,在文章后第62-71小题的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词

56. collecting 57. died 58. easily 59. signed 60. including

61. importance 62. son’s 63. museum 64. share 65. kids

B) 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词

66. idea 67. beginning 68. kinds 69. Since 70. feed

71. sent 72. well 73. took 74. spend 75. difference

六、书面表达(满分15分)

One possible version:

Dear Sir/ Madam

I’m writing to ask for information about the robot course for beginners at Starlight School.

Firstly, I’d like to know more about the course arrangement. For example, could you tell me how long the course will last? I prefer to know if there is any class for the weekend. Next, I’m interested in the visits to Friendly Robots Company. Would you tell me whether I need to pay? Finally, I wonder whether I’ll be able to design a robot myself at the end of the course.

Thank you for your time and I look forward to hearing from you soon.

Yours faithfully

Daniel

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