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2014河南中考英语试题

发布时间:2014-07-05 09:02:18  

2014年河南省中考英语试卷word版

二、单项选择

1.—What __heavy rain it was!

—Yes, but I love___ air after it rains. It smells so fresh.

A. the; a B. a; the C. the; the D. a; a

2. —You may go to Milan for a free trip.

—It’s a very kind_____, but I really can’t accept it.

A. excuse B. offer C. promise D. decision

3. A conversation _____ a wise person is worth ten year’s study of books.

A. for B. like C. with D. to

4. —Are you going anywhere?

—I ______about visiting my sister, but I have changed my mind.

A.think B. have thought C. will think D. thought

5. At present, children mean____ to most parents in China.

A. everything B. nothing C. anything D. something

6. It’s possible to get $100 a day in this company, and some days you can get ______.

A. much B. more C. little D. fewer

7. Choosing the right circle of the friends will ____ us a lot of troubles, heartaches and possibly a life of deep regret.

A. save B. share C. keep D. bring

8. —Where shall we eat tonight?

—Let’s call Harry. He ____ knows the best places to go.

A. only B. nearly C. seldom D. always

9. This bus doesn’t go to the rain station. I’m afraid you’ll have to ____ at the library and take the A52.

A. take off B. put off C. get off D. turn off

10. “Underground” is the only word in the English language _____ begins and ends with the letters “und”.

A. what B. that C. who D. whom

11. When Tim ___ why he was late for school, he just kept silent.

A. was asked B. asked C. was asking D. is asked

12. —Do you climb mountains every day?

—Yes, ___ a little exercise. I’m so out of shape.

A. getting B. get C. got D. to get

13. —Does this bus go to the beach?

—No. You_____ the wrong way. You want the Number 11.

A. go B. were going C. are going D. would go

14. He’s not a perfect child. He sometimes talks back ____ his parents talk with him.

A. if B. before C. when D. until

15. —Excuse, can you tell me ____?

—Sorry, I don’t. You can go to the information desk.

A. that there is a train B. when the train

C. which train can I take D. where does the train go.

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三、完形填空

“It’s raining cats and dogs!”Grandpa shouted.

Little Richie came running to the window. He wanted to see the __36__falling from the sky. He looked out of the window, but is was __37__that there were no cats or dogs. He only saw small pools of water on the ground.

“Man, it’s really coming down out there!” Uncle Bob agreed__38__he looked out of the window, too. Richie scratched his head(挠头). What was coming down? First they talked about cats and dogs that __39__ be seen. Now someone said it “it”. What was going on with these __40__?

“Wow!” Aunt Susie shouted as she looked out of the window. “It’s raining really hard.” Richie__41__his aunt. “It is raining hard,” he agreed, “but __42__are the cats and dogs?” Grandpa laughed. “Richie, that just__43__it’s raining really hard.”

“So why didn’t you just say that?” Richie __44__. It was irritating (恼人的) when people like they were not speaking English at all.

“We did. You just didn’t understand these__45__.” Richie’s cousin said with a big smile. “Well, now I do.” Richie said.

36. A. tigers and lions B. pigs and sheep C. cats and dogs D. chickens and ducks

37. A. important B. possible C. necessary D. strange

38. A. unless B. after C. till D. though

39. A. couldn’t B. shouldn’t C. needn’t D. mustn’t

40. A. days B. animals C. ideas D. people

41. A. shouted at B. looked at C. laughed at D. pointed at

42. A. what B. how C. where D. who

43. A. explains B. proves C. means D. shows

44. A. ordered B. thought C. repeated D. asked

45. A. saying B. questions C. objects D. stories

四、阅读理解

A

Once there was a man traveling in a faraway village. As he was passing the elephants, he suddenly stopped. He found that these huge elephants were being held by only a small rope tied to their front leg. No chains(锁链), no cages. It was clear that the elephants could, at any time, break away from their ropes but for some reason, they did not.

He saw a trainer nearby and asked why these animals just stood there and didn’t try to get away. “Well,” the trainer said, “when they are very young and much smaller we use the same size rope to tie them and, at that rage, it’s enough to hold them. As they grow up, they still believe they cannot break away. They believe the rope can hold them, so they never try to break free.”

How could it be? These animals could at any time break free from their ropes. But because they always stuck right where they were, they believed they couldn’t.

Just like the elephants, how many of us go through life believing that we cannot do something, just because we failed at it once before?

___________________. We should never give up the struggle(挣扎) in life.

根据材料内容选择正确答案。

46. What did the writer see in the village?

A. Chains B. Elephants C. Cages D. Farmers

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47. Why do the elephants never try up to break free from the ropes?

A. Because they think they can not.

B. Because they are too old to do it.

C. Because they like their living places.

D. Because they get on well with the trainer.

48. How did the man feel after he heard what the trainer said?

A. Moved B. Surprised C. Angry D. Nervous

49. Which of the following is the missing part in the last paragraph?

A. Failing is part of learning.

B. We should be different from others.

C. Helping animals is helping ourselves.

D. Traveling always makes people relaxed.

50. What is the best title for this test?

A. Pleasant trip B. A Cruel Trainer

C. Elephant Training D. The Elephant Rope

B

Would you like to experience what going to school was like in the late 1800s? to start with, imagine everyone in school only one classroom.

In the 19th and early 20th centuries, most American students went to a one-room schoolhouse. A single teacher would typically(典型地) have students in the first through eighth grades, and she taught them all. The number of students six to 40 or more. The youngest children sat in the front, while the oldest students sat in the back. The teacher usually taught reading, writing, arithmetic, history, and geography. Students memorized(记忆) and retold their lessons.

The classroom of a one-room schoolhouse probably looked much like your own. The teacher’s desk stood on a raised platform(讲台) at the front of the room, however, and there was a wood-burning stove since there was no other way of heating. The bathroom was outside in an outhouse.

In Honeoye Falls, New York, there is a one-room schoolhouse where kids today can experience what it was like to the students in the late 19th century. For a week during the summer, they wear 19th century clothes and learn the way children learned more than a hundred years ago.

What else has changed about school since the 19th century? For more information, please visit our website: www. Locallygacy.com.

51. What does the word “varied” in the Paragraph Two mean in Chinese?

A. 变化 B. 排列 C. 调整 D. 减少

52. Students in the late 19th century could learn_____?

A. reading, writing, sports, history, and science.

B. reading, art, arithmetic, history, and geography

C. reading, writing, arithmetic, history, and geography

D. reading, physics, chemistry, history, and geography

53.Which of the following best shows what a one-room schoolhouse was like in the late 19th century?

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A.

B.

C.

D.

54. Some kids go to Honeoye Falls to _____.

A. try the food in the late 19th century

B. learn the subjects over a century ago

C. memorized and retell their lessons they have learn

D. experience the way children learned over a century ago

55. Which of the following is TRUE about the students in a one-room schoolhouse?

A. They had only one teacher.

B. They had different classrooms.

C. They could choose the seats they liked.

D. They learned more subjects than we do now.

C

A great way for teens to cool off during the summer is at water parks. If you live near a water park, you might think about getting a season pass. This way you can go as often as you like.

Check to see if there are any water parks around you. Many are indoor facilities. So even if it isn’t warm enough where you live to swim outdoors, you can enjoy swimming in a temperature controlled area.

The prices are usually good. For example, one ticket to Water World, a water park, is only $5.

Some teens like to get a part time job over the summer to make some pocket money. Older teens shouldn’t have much trouble finding jobs.

An idea is to get some teens together to form your own summer job business. You can walk dogs, bring in the newspapers, feed the cats, collect rubbish, water flowers, etc.

Being that it’s summer, many people go on vacation and could use someone to look after their houses while they’re away. You can also think about other jobs you can do for them.

Teens love freedom. Sure you would like to get to such places as the small, movie theaters, the zoo, the beach, picnic, bowling and local amusement park instead of staying home all summer. Then a summer bus pass will be helpful. Check to see if your area has one for you teens.

Such a pass costs only $10 for the whole summer. The price is reasonable(合乎情理的) and also your parents don’t have to always drive.

56. Who is the text written for?

A. Teachers B. Parents C. Teens D. Travelers

57. What is NOT mentioned as a part tome job for teens?

A. Washing cars B. Feeding cats C. Walking dogs D. Watering flowers

58. If Sally goes to Water World with two friends, they should pay________.

A. $5 B. $10 C. $15 D. $20

59. A summer bus pass is helpful for teens to ______.

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A. find part time jobs B. go out for fun

C. go to summer classes D. do outdoor sports

60. What’s the text mainly about?

A. Part time jobs B. A summer pass

C. Water park swimming D. Things to do in summer

D

Your parents might not realize how important their health is to you. Now it’s your chance to let them know!

Think about it before starting.

Before you talk with your parents, it helps to get clear on what you want them to do. __61__ Get more exercise? Get more sleep? If you want a parent to lose weight, you’d better find out the disadvantage of being heavy and how great they will feel after eating healthy food or exercising more.

___62_____

Pick a moment when everyone’s relaxed and there’s time to talk. Say something like: “Dad, I care about your health and I worry you’re so busy that you don’t have time for exercise.” Let parents know you are willing to make the change yourself. For example, say you’d be willing to walk together after dinner.

Come up with a plan together

Has your mom or dad agreed to your ideas? Well done! Let’s say the change your mom or dad agreed to is eating healthier food.__63_____ Examples are: I’ll eat five fruits every day. I’ll eat breakfast every morning.

Show your encouragement and understanding

It’s normal if your parents fail at first. If parents want to give up, encourage them to keep going. If you’re making a change together, you can say, “Well, I’m sorry. Let’s start fresh and go on with our plan tomorrow.” ___64______ Let your parents know you love and care about them for what they’re doing and that it means a lot to you.

What if a parent says “No”?

If parents don’t follow you ideas, ask them(gently): “Could you at least think about it for me ?” __65______How many times have you pushed back on something they asked you to do, but then later thought more about it?

Soon you’ll be grown and out of the house. Here’s your chance to set your parents on the right way.

根据材料内容,选出最佳选项。

A. Then give them a little time to consider.

B. Do you want a parent to eat better?

C. Work together to plan what they and you will do/

D. Offer your praise!

E. Talk to parents the same way you’d like them to talk to you.

61.____ 62.____63.____64.______65._____

五、词语运用

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Every morning, kids from a high school are working hard. They are __66__ and selling special coffee at a coffee shop. They are also making a lot of money.

These students can make up to nine__67__ dollars a day. They are selling their special coffee to airplane passengers. After the students get paid, the __68__ of the money goes to a local youth project.

These high school students use a space in the Oakland airport. It is __69___ very crowded. Many people who __70__ on the planes like to drink the special coffee.

One customer__71__that the coffee costs a lot but it is good and worth it. Most customers are pleasant but some are unhappy. __72__ do not like it if the coffee cafe is not open for business.

The students earn $ 6.10 an hour. They also get school credit while they learn __73__ to run a business. Many of the students enjoy the work __74__ it took some time to learn how to do it.

They have to learn how to heat milk, load the pots, and add flavor. It takes some skill and sometimes __75__ are made. The most common mistake is forgetting to add the coffee.

66.___67.___68.___69.___70.___71.___72.___73.___74.___75.___

六、补全对话

A: It's a nice day.

B: Yes, it's a beautiful day .

A: Are there so many people here all the time?

B: 76.__________. This is my first time here.

A: Me, too. I think this is a great place.

B: Yeah, I think so too.

A: 77._________?

B: I’m visiting from London. How about you?

A: 78._______.

B: That’s cool. Are you having a good time?

A: Yes. There are many things to see and I’m taking a lot of picture.

B: 79.______?

A: For two weeks, I went to San Francisco and Los Angeles. I want to see Yellow Stone National Park before I leave.

B: 80.________.

A: Oh, my friends are waiting for me. I hope you enjoy your stay here.

B: Thank you. It was nice meeting you.

七、书面表达

你身边的每个人对你来说都具有特殊的意义。请以“My special_____”为题用英语写一篇短文,描述你家庭的某个成员或你的朋友、老师、同学等。

要求:1.在题目空格处填入你要描述的对象, 如grandma, teacher 或friend等;

2. 文中不得出现真实姓名和学校名称;

3.80词左右。

My special_______

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参考答案

1-5 BBCDA 6-10 BADCB 11-15 ADCCB

36-45 CDBAD BCCDA

46-50 BABAD 51-55 ACDDA 56-60 CACBD 61-65 BECDA

66. making 67. hundred 68. rest 69. usually 70. fly

71. thinks 72. They 73. how 74. although

75. mistakes

76. (Sorry,) I’m not sure

(Sorry,) I don’t know

I’m sorry, but I have no idea

77. Where are you (visiting) from

Where do you come from

78. I’m (visiting) from…

I come from….

79. How long are you visiting for

How long have you been here

How long will you stay here

How long are you staying here

80. That’s great/cool/wonderful

It seems that you’re having a good time

You must have had a good time

Have you good /pleasant/…trip(there)

I hope you can have a good/pleasant/…trip(there)

One possible version:

My special grandma

My grandma is special to me because we’re like friends. She always helps me out whenever I am in trouble. There are no secrets between us.

When I am with my grandma, we spend a lot of happy time together. I know my grandma is very smart because she seems to know everything. My grandma is good at many things. One thing she’s best at is cooking. She often cooks delicious food for me. I know my grandma loves me and I love her as well.

单项选择

单项选择话题比较的新颖,贴近学生的实际生活。例如:23小题A conversation with a wise person is worth ten years’ study of books.我们生活中常用的听人一句话胜读十年书。32小题中的这样一句话,I’m so out of shape.我的身材都变形了。34小题talk back顶嘴。这些词可以看出中招考试,变得日趋的口语化、生活化

其中22小题考察的这个词学生的错误率相对较高。 Offer这个词经常用作动词提供的一次,而这次却是提议的含义。学生做起来有点难度。但是中考说明检测中也明确提出offer有提议的含义。

总之,出题考察的还是比较的全面、具体,符合学生的心里特征和认知水平。

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完形填空

通过一句谚语“It’s raining cats and dogs!”来引出一个故事,说明学习英语习语的重要性,故事情节诙谐幽默。符合初中生的阅读爱好。

阅读理解

选材多样、新颖。设置试题由易到难符合学生的认知规律。A篇是一个具有哲理的小故事,设置的题型比较简单。B篇谈论19世纪教室的格局,学生会对这个话题十分的感兴趣。C篇是一则广告设置题型简单。D篇的设置题型相对新颖,根据语境让学生选择适合的句子。

词语运用

66 考察be doing结构

67 hundred 的用法

68 rest做名词“剩余”的意思

70 定语从句的用法

71 动词的单三形式

72 考察代词的用法,但是要主意首字母的大写。

73 特殊疑问词+to do

74 连词although的用法

75 名词的单复数

补全对话

答案灵活

作文

这个作文比较的简单,是学生一直练习的话题。学生应该能够做到有话可写。具有开放性。

总之,就如郑州外国语名师:毛银枝所言:

整体难度不大 写作贴近生活实际

今年中招英语试题题型没有什么变化,都是平时练习的常见题型。与往年相比难度还是有的,尤其是对于英语词汇的意义把握和补全对话。不过,学生们大都感觉比较轻松,大多数题目难度适中。从整体来看。要求同学们要牢固掌握基础知识并且要活学活用。

平时好多同学担心的阅读理解难度适中,学生比较担心的阅读理解的还原句子感觉还可以,学生做起来还比较得心应手。

至于英语作文,学生考前类似的练习应该比较多,难度不大。这种开放性的作文,学生不受太多约束,材料又贴近生活实际。学生有很多真情实感。所以书面表达充分体现了现在的教育理念。

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