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2014年湖北省十堰市中考英语试题(含答案)

发布时间:2014-07-07 14:49:17  

2014年十堰市初中毕业生学业考试

英 语 试 题

注意事项:

1. 本试卷共有8页,共86小题,满分120分,考试时限120分钟。

2. 答题前,考生先将自己的姓名,准考证号填写在试卷和答题卡指定的位置,并认真核对条形码上的准考证号和姓名,在答题卡规定的位置贴好条形码。

3. 选择题必须使用2B铅笔涂填;非选择题必须使用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔答题,不得使用铅笔或圆珠笔等笔做非选择题,要求字体工整,字迹清楚。请按照题目序号对应在答题卡各题目的答题区域内作答,超出答题区域的答案,在试卷、草稿纸上答题无效。

4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁,考试结束后,请将本试卷和答题卡一并上交。

第一部分 听力理解(共两节,满分25分)

第一节:听小对话,按要求做答。(每小题1分,满分5分)

请听5段小对话及对话后的问题,选择能正确回答所提问题的图画选项。每段对话及对话后的问题仅读一遍。 1. A. B. C. 2. A. B. C. 3. A. B. C. 4. A. B. C. 5. A.

B. C.

第二节:听大对话或独白,按要求做答。(每小题1分,满分20分)

请听6段大对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,请按要求做答。每段对话或独白均读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7小题。

6. What volunteer work is Lin Jie going to do?

A. Pick up rubbish in the city park.

B. Visit sick kids at the hospital.

C. Help the old people do some chores.

7. Where may the conversation probably take place?

A. At a bus stop. B. In the city park.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9小题。

8. What’s wrong with the young man?

A. He has a sore back. B. He has a cold.

9. How long has he been ill?

1 C. In a hospital. C. He has a stomachache.

A. Since last night. B. For a week. C. Since yesterday morning. 听第8段材料,回答第10~12小题。

10. What can they do in the video reading room?

A. Play sports. B. Borrow books. C. Surf the Internet.

11. Where is the cinema?

A. On the ninth floor. B. On the eleventh floor. C. On the nineteenth floor.

12. When can they see a free film?

A. On Fridays. B. On Saturdays. C. On Sundays.

听第9段材料,回答第13~15小题。

13. Where is Mary now?

A. In China. B. In America. C. In England.

14. What’s Wang Tao doing now?

A. Having a party. B. Going on a vacation. C. Studying at school.

15. What relationship may the two speakers probably be?

A. Brother and sister. B. Classmates. C. Husband and wife.

听第10段材料,回答第16~20小题。

16. How did Mr. White and Mrs. Brown go on their journey?

A. By plane. B. By car. C. By train.

17. Where were they going?

A. To Paris. B. To San Francisco. C. To New York.

18. How many kids does Mrs. Brown have?

A. One. B. Two. C. Three.

19. What didn’t they talk about?

A. Exercising. B. Drinking wine. C. Smoking.

20. What can we learn about Mrs. Brown?

A. Her daughter is six years old.

B. Her son is a good young man.

C. Her son is only six months old.

听第11段材料,完成表中21~25小题的信息记录。

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第二部分 基础知识运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节:单项选择(每小题1分,满分15分)

从所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

26. —Can you play ________ guitar?

—Sure. It’s a piece of cake for me.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

27. —What would you like to say to your ________ before leaving school?

—I’d like to say “Thank you very much! I’ve learnt a lot from you in the past three years.”

A. teachers B. workers C. doctors D. engineers

28. —What do you think of your host family, Jim?

—Great. They try ________ best to make me feel at home.

A. they B. their C. them D. theirs

29. ________ we deal with our problems, we can easily become unhappy.

A. Until B. If C. Unless D. Though

30. It’s very friendly ________ him to help me when I’m in trouble.

A. of B. with C. to D. in

31. —Smart phones are more and more popular now.

—So they are. But they still ________ too much.

A. pay B. cost C. take D. spend

32. —Mom, must I take out the trash now?

—No, you ________. You may take a rest first.

A. mustn’t B. can’t C. shouldn’t D. don’t have to

33. —The song Where did the time go ________ the old days and the love of family.

—Sure. It’s my favorite song.

A. helps us out B. reminds us of C. lets us down D. regards us as

34. —The book store ________ a big sale. The books there must be very cheap now.

—Sounds great. Let’s go into it and have a look.

A. will have B. had C. is having D. was having

35. —Have you finished using my dictionary?

—Yes, I put it back on your desk just now. Who ________ it away?

A. will take B. is taking C. took D. has taken

36. We are glad to hear that the terrorists ________ by the brave policemen several days ago.

A. are caught B. were caught

C. have been caught D. are going to be caught

37. ________ weather it is today!

A. What hot B. How hot

C. What a hot D. How a hot

38. —Could you please tell me ________?

—Of course. Many people in Shiyan know it.

A. where is Mount Wudang

B. how can I get to Wulong River

C. what is Shenlongjia famous for

D. if there will be a new airport in Shiyan

39. He likes low-carbon life. He lives in the house ________ he built himself out of trash.

A. where B. what C. which D. in which

40. —Would you like some juice?

—________. I’d like something to eat.

A. Yes, please. B. No problem. C. That’s OK. D. No, thanks. 3

第二节:完形填空(每小题1分,满分15分)

通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个可以填入短文空白处的最佳选项。

My mother only had one eye. And because of this, I never wished her to show up in my I had an ugly mother. One day during elementary school, I was terribly ill. My mother came.

“Your mom only has one eye?!” asked some of my classmates. I was so.

from this world. “If you make me teased(嘲笑),why don’t you just die?” I shouted at her, taking no notice of the sad look on her face. My mother .

to say what I always wanted to say, and I didn’t think I had hurt must study hard and leave my mother.

of going back to see my “ugly” motherand lost your eye. As a mom, I couldn’twatching you live with only one eye. I gave you mine. I was with you and I never regretted(后悔ou…”

I cried out aloud. Only then did I realize how beautiful my mother was!

41. A. run out B. put out C. come out D. find out

42. A. happy B. embarrassed C. cool D. pleased

43. A. disappear B. change C. come D. go

44. A. everything B. something C. anything D. nothing

45. A. worried B. bad C. good D. annoyed

46. A. cooking B. working C. reading D. crying

47. A. break B. wake C. lose D. see

48. A. decision B. difference C. suggestion D. mistake

49. A. luckily B. healthily C. busily D. happily

50. A. if B. unless C. until D. though

51. A. accident B. appointment C. university D. habit

52. A. enjoy B. stand C. help D. stop

53. A. So B. Because C. Or D. But

54. A. excited B. surprised C. angry D. proud

55. A. dislike B. love C. hate D. miss 4

第三部分 阅读理解(共四节,满分35分)

第一节:阅读短文,根据其内容,选择最佳选项。(每小题2分,满分10分)

56. How long will the 2014 FIFA World Cup last?

A. About a week.

B. About two weeks. C. About a month. A. A comedy. C. A thriller. D. About two months. B. A documentary. D. An action movie. 57. What kind of TV program is A Bite of China? 58. What’s Lu Jialei’s hobby? A. She likes reading. C. She likes eating. B. She likes running. D. She likes playing soccer.

59. Which is NOT true according to the articles?

A. Lu Jialei always gets good grades at school.

B. The World Cup has been held in South America twice.

C. Many people like watching the TV program A Bite of China.

D. Lu Jialei hopes more people can take much interest in Chinese characters.

60. Where may the articles probably come from?

A. A story book.

B. A science report. D. The Internet. C. A sports magazine.

第二节:阅读短文,根据其内容,选择最佳选项。(每小题2分,满分10分)

From my father I have learned a lot. And I’m very thankful to him. I remember when I was a child my father always got up very early, quietly putting on his clothes and going off to work. To arrive in time to open his tiny store at 8:30, he needed to leave our apartment at 6:30. After all, he 5

had to take a bus and then the subway. The last journey was a long walk through a neighborhood much of which was full of the smell of rubbish. I learned: it is very important to work. No excuse.

When I was 12, I would, on some Saturdays, go to my father’s store to help out. After helping set up the outside clothing display, for the rest of the day, I’d watch to make sure no one stole anything. When I noticed someone looking unusual or strange, I would look the person in the eye, smile and say, “May I help you?” Usually that worked, but sometimes, someone would run off with something. The first time, I ran after the thief but my father shouted, “Martin, stop! There is no need to do that.” It’s true that safety is more important than money.

After 10 years of hard work, he saved up enough money to buy his first car, a cheap one—he wouldn’t buy one until he could afford to pay for it without borrowing money. I learned: buy only what you can afford. Buying necessary food and clothing won’t make us go in debt(债务). The unnecessary things won’t give us happiness, which comes from achievement only.

61. What shop did the author’s father own?

A. A bookshop. B. A coffee shop. C. A clothing shop. D. A food shop.

62. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. The author ran after thieves many times. B. The author thanked his father a lot.

C. The author’s father worked very hard. D. The author’s father made some money. 63. All the following are talked about in the passage EXCEPT.

A. the importance of working B. the good ways to keep healthy C. that safety comes before money D. that it’s bad to spend more than you make

64. According to the author, what usually makes people go in debt?

A. To rent a house for the family. B. To send their children to school.

C. To enjoy something unnecessary. D. To buy enough food for the family.

65. What is the passage mainly about?

A. How to live a happy life. B. What makes a person successful.

C. The help the author got from his father. D. What the author learned from his father.

第三节:阅读短文,根据其内容,补全下面表格。(每小题1分,满分5分)

What’s the secret of being a great friend? Here are some tips to help you be a nice friend. Laugh and cry together.

Laughing with a friend is the best, but sometimes it’s crying that brings you closer together. Don’t be afraid to be yourself with your friends. Share your true feelings—you may learn that your friends feel the same way. As a result, friends will understand each other better.

Be a thoughtful gift giver.

Gift-giving isn’t just for birthdays or holidays—it can be a fun way of making your friends feel special! But don’t buy expensive presents—be creative! Making things shows you care, because you put time and thought into your gifts. Bake him favorite cookies, write him a poem, or draw something special for him. Small thoughtful gifts, such as picking a flower for a friend who is sick, just might cheer him up.

Stand up for him.

It’s hard to watch someone laugh at a friend. But don’t just stand there, do something about it! You can find a creative way to solve the problem to make others look at your friend differently. Other times, you need to show your courage and support him—he needs you. It may be not easy, but it’s what a good friend should do!

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第四节:阅读短文,根据其内容,完成下列任务。(每小题2分,满分10分)

Boys and girls, this summer vacation is the time for you to take your mind off homework and prepare yourself for the future. The following is some advice on how to make your vacation meaningful and colorful.

Take regular exercise. You’ve worked hard most of the time. Therefore, you need to join in outdoor activities, which can bring your whole body into action. You can improve your by doing different kinds of exercise such as swimming, jogging and mountain climbing.

Learn some basic life skills. One day, you will live alone. You can’t on your family any longer. So, you should learn to cook, wash and other practical skills.

Go for a journey. Travel to places of interest. In this way, you’ll understand cultures that are different from that Enjoy family time. Don’t always sit in front of a computer. It’s great fun for family members to sit around the table, discussing sports, clothes or other common topics.

If you follow the advice above, your summer vacation will be full of joy and meaning. We wish you a wonderful time!

任务一:请根据短文内容,分别写出①、②处所缺单词。(每空限填一词)

71. ①__________ ②__________

任务二:从短文中选择恰当的单词或短语补全句子。

72. (A) Chinese families __________ getting together during traditional festivals.

(B) I suppose my life in senior high school will __________ challenges.

任务三:请把上文中划线的句子翻译成汉语。

73. ___________________________________________________________________________

任务四:请根据短文内容回答下列问题。

74. How many pieces of advice are mentioned in the passage above?

___________________________________________________________________________

75. What’s the main idea of the passage?

___________________________________________________________________________

第四部分 语言综合运用(共三节,满分30分)

第一节:选词填空(每小题1分,满分5分)

选择单词或词组,用其适当的形式填空,使句子意思正确、通顺。每词限用一次,其中77. Nobody can help us. We will have to do it by _______________.

78. Teenagers need to _______________ with their parents often.

79. What do you think he is going to be when he _______________?

80. Everyone knows _______________ are a lot like their parents.

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第二节:补全句子(每小题2分,满分10分)

根据汉语提示补全英语句子,使句子意思正确、通顺。每空词数不限。

81. 我出生在四月。

I was born ________________________.

82. 别担心我的安全。我会小心的。

________________________ my safety. I will be careful.

83. 经过一段时间的锻炼,她比以前瘦多了。

After exercising for some time, she’s much ________________________ before.

84. 老师告诉我们不要把今天的事推迟到明天。

The teacher tells us ________________________ what we can do today till tomorrow.

85. 来自十堰的男孩华晨宇歌声如此优美,以致于粉丝众多。

Hua Chenyu, a boy from Shiyan, sings ________________________ he has many fans now.

第三节:初级写作(满分15分)

某中学在开展“崇尚节俭,文明做人(advocating thrift and being civilized)”活动一年来,取得了很好的效果,但还有极少数学生做得不够好,在校园里依然还会出现以下图片中的情形。请你选择以下现象中的几种或全部进行描述,并就中学生如何“杜绝浪费,文明做人”提出至少两点建议。

leave the tap on leave the lights on throw the food away draw on the wall drop rubbish everywhere 要求:1. 文中不得出现真实的人名、校名。

2. 语言通顺,意思连贯,书写规范。

3. 词数80~100。文章的开头已给出,不计入总词数。

Some middle school students aren’t doing enough in “advocating thrift and being civilized”.

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2014年十堰市初中毕业生学业考试

英语试题参考答案

第一部分 听力理解(共25小题,每小题1分,满分25分)

1-5 ABCCA 6-10 AABCC 11-15 ABCAB 16-20 CBBAC

21. shy / a shy girl 22. talk / speak 23. few 24. in class 25. fifteen / 15

第二部分 基础知识运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节: 单项选择(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

26-30 CABCA 31-35 BDBCD 36-40 BADCD

第二节: 完形填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

41-45 DBACC 46-50 DBADC 51-55 ABACB

第三部分 阅读理解(共四节,满分35分)

第一节 56-60 CBABD

第二节 61-65 CABCD

第三节 66. crying 67. special / unusual 68. instead of 69. laughed 70. support

第四节 71. ① health / body ② depend / rely / count…

72. (A) enjoy (B) be full of

73. 美丽的风景也可以让你(身心)放松。

74. Four / 4.

75. ( It’s about ) some advice on how to make your (our / my) vacation meaningful and colorful.

第四部分 语言综合运用(共三节,满分30分)

第一节:选词填空(每小题1分,满分5分)

76. lucky 77. ourselves 78. communicate 79. grows up 80. children

第二节:补全句子(每小题2分,满分10分)

81. in April

82. Don’t worry about / Don’t be worried about / Don’t be anxious about

83. thinner than

84. not to put off

85. so beautifully / well / wonderfully…that

第三节:初级写作(满分15分)

One possible version:

Some middle school students aren’t doing enough in “advocating thrift and being civilized.” We’re sorry to see that there is still some waste in our school! For example, some often leave the taps on after washing their hands. In the dinning hall, a lot of food can be seen left after the meals. What’s worse, we often find that waste paper is thrown everywhere, which makes others feel uncomfortable. In addition, some students like to write or draw on the wall or on the desk.

As middle school students, we should develop good habits and stop wasting anything. Let’s do it from now on! (91 words)

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2014年十堰市初中毕业生学业考试

英语试题评分标准

(1)1—55小题,每小题1分,与本答案不符的不给分。其中21—25小题,单词大小写有误不扣分;

(2)56—65小题,每小题2分,与本答案不符的不给分;

(3)66—70小题,每小题1分,与本答案相符,可给满分。如有其它表达符合试题要求,经商定后可以给分。

(4)71—75小题,每小题2分:

71—72小题,按空给分,每空1分。与本答案相符,可给满分。除上述答案外,如有其它答案,符合试题要求,确实正确,经商定后可以给分。单词大小写有误不扣分;73—75小题,与本答案相符可给满分。如有其它表述符合试题要求,经商定后可以给分。

(5)76—80小题,按空给分,每空1分。与本答案相符,可给满分。如有其它答案,未改变句意,符合试题要求,确实正确,经商定后可以给分。

(6)81—85小题,每题2分。与本答案相符,可给满分。如有其它表述符合试题要求,经商定后可以给分。

(7)初级写作评分细则:

一、评分原则

1. 本小题总分为15分,按6个档次给分。

2. 评分时,先根据短文的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量, 确定或调整档次,最后给分。

3. 总词数少于试题要求所规定的,从总分中减去2分。超过规定总词数的,不扣分;如果 书写太差,格式、标点符号错误太多,以至于影响阅卷的,降低档次给分。

4. 句子的整体结构,时态、语态用法有错误的每项各扣1分,不重复扣分;单词拼写、标 点符号和大小写错误的满4个扣1分,不重复扣分。

5. 评分时,应注意以下主要内容:内容要点、篇章结构、词句运用和语法结构,同时兼顾上下文的连贯性及语言的得体性。

6. 除所给范文外,其它可接受的正确表达均予给分。对紧扣主题的适当发挥不予扣分。

7. 对于完成了试题所规定的全部任务,结构完整,语言准确、流畅、地道,表达灵活、得体的初级写作,可给满分。

二、评分档次:

第一档:(14—15分)短文包括所给全部或绝大部分信息,写出的句子表达意义清楚且基本

无错误,单词拼写基本正确。

第二档:(10—13分)短文包括所给大部分信息,语句较流畅,写出的句子能表达意思且无

严重错误,单词有少数几个拼写错误。

第三档:(7—9分)短文包括大部分信息,写出的句子虽然有语法错误,但能表达基本意思,

有较多的单词拼写错误。

第四档:(4—6分)短文包括部分信息,写出的句子有严重的语法错误,表达的意思也不清

楚,有较多的单词拼写错误。

第五档:(1—3分)基本或完全没写出内容要点;只写出少数单词,词组或短语;词汇或单

词拼写错误较多,不知多云。

第六档:(0分)写的内容无法辨认;未能传达给任何有关信息或抄袭试卷中无关内容。

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